Yeqela kokuqukethwe okuyinhloko

Okuqukethwe

Abstract

I- Ice Open Network (ION) (cf. 2 ) iyisinyathelo sokuguqula i-blockchain esiklanyelwe ukubhekana nezinselele zokubeka indawo eyodwa futhi yethule izixazululo ezinkingeni zobumfihlo bedatha kanye nobunikazi obugcwele indawo yedijithali yanamuhla. Yakhela phezu kwefa le-blockchain ye -The Open Network (TON) , i-ION yethula i-ecosystem yamasevisi ahlukaniselwe amazwe ahloselwe ukugqugquzela nokubamba iqhaza okuvuzayo nokudalwa kokuqukethwe okuyiqiniso (cf. 7.5.9 ).

Esimeni sanamuhla sedijithali, imvelo emaphakathi ye-inthanethi ikhawulela kakhulu ukulawula komuntu ngamunye, ibeka ukukhathazeka okukhulu ngobumfihlo bedatha, ubunikazi, nokuzimela. Lokhu kufakwa endaweni eyodwa kubonakala kakhulu futhi kuyinkinga ikakhulukazi ezizindeni ezibalulekile ezifana nezinkundla zokuxhumana, ukugcinwa kwedatha, nokulethwa kokuqukethwe, lapho abasebenzisi ngokuvamile babhekana nokulawula okukhawulelwe kobunikazi babo bedijithali nedatha yomuntu siqu. Le ngqalasizinda yakudala ayigcini nje ngokuphika abantu ngabanye ubukhosi babo bedijithali, kodwa iya ngokuya ingakwazi ukubhekelela isidingo esilokhu sikhula njalo sokushesha, ukuthengiselana kwedatha. I-ION iphakama ngenxa yalezi zinselele, ihlanganisa umbono wethu wokubuyisela amandla nokulawula kumsebenzisi, iqinisekisa ubumfihlo, futhi yenze kube lula ukusebenzisana kwedijithali okwandayo.

Umbono wethu uwukubumba kabusha isimo sedijithali sibe isistimu ye-ecosystem ehlukaniselwe abantu, ebambe iqhaza, futhi eqhutshwa umsebenzisi, lapho wonke umuntu enokulawula okungantengantengi kanye nobunikazi bedatha yakhe kanye nobunikazi bakhe, futhi ekhuthazwa ukubamba iqhaza kwakhe okusebenzayo nokudala okuqukethwe kwangempela (cf. 7.5. 9 ). Ukuze kuzuzwe lo mbono, i-ION yakhelwe ukufaka nokusebenzisa lezi zici ezinhlanu ezibalulekile ezilandelayo:

  1. I-Decentralized Digital Identity – IceID (cf. 3 ) iyisevisi eklanyelwe ukuvala igebe phakathi kwezigameko ezisetshenziswayo zomhlaba wangempela kanye nobuchwepheshe be-blockchain, okuvumela izinhlelo zokusebenza ezihlukaniselwe izindawo (dApps) (cf. 7.5.1 ) ngaphakathi kwe-ion ecosystem nangale kwalokho ukuthi zihlanganyele. ngabasebenzisi abathenjwayo nabaqinisekisiwe, kuyilapho kuqinisekiswa ukuvikeleka nobumfihlo bedatha kamazisi yomuntu siqu. Ngokuhlukanisa izici ezibalulekile zokuphathwa kobunikazi bedijithali - njengokugcinwa kwedatha nokulawula ukufinyelela - abasebenzisi banganquma ukuthi iyiphi i-dApps engafinyelela idatha yabo, yiziphi izibaluli ezifinyelelwayo, uma zifinyelelwa, futhi ngayiphi injongo. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, ubunikazi babasebenzisi abathenjwayo buvumela i-dApps ukuthi ibhekane nezimo zokusebenzisa zomhlaba wangempela ngevelu elikhulu elingeziwe, elifana nobunikazi bezindlu ezithengiswayo nokudluliselwa, okubophezela ngokusemthethweni futhi okuqashelwa endaweni lapho indawo ethengiswayo ikhona.
  2. I-Decentralized Social Media - I-IceConnect (cf. 4 ) ihlose ukukhuthaza ukufinyeleleka kolwazi, ukukhawulela ukucwaninga, kanye nokulwisana nokukhohlisa okukhulu kwezindaba ngokudlulisela igunya phezu kolwazi kanye nokusatshalaliswa kwalo kusuka ezinkampanini kuya kubasebenzisi.
  3. I-Decentralized Proxy kanye ne-Content Delivery Network – IceNet (cf. 5 ) ime njengesandiso esiqinile, esiklanyelwe ukulwela inkululeko yedijithali enkathini yokwanda kokucwaninga. Le sevisi ehlukaniselwe amazwe iqinisekisa ukulethwa kokuqukethwe okungaphazamiseki kuyilapho ibeka kuqala ubumfihlo bomsebenzisi. Ihlanganiswe ngaphandle komthungo ne-ION ecosystem, i-IceNet inikeza i-dApps nabasebenzisi ukufinyelela kokuqukethwe okuphephile, okusheshayo, nokungenazithiyo. Ngokuhlukanisa izindlela zokulethwa kokuqukethwe, kuqinisekisa ubuqiniso bedatha futhi kunikeza abasebenzisi amandla emhlabeni lapho ulwazi kufanele luhlale lungahlungiwe futhi lukhululekile.
  4. I-Decentralized Storage - I-IceVault (cf. 6 ) ithuthukiswe ukunikeza abasebenzisi enye indlela evikelekile neyimfihlo kubahlinzeki besitoreji samafu esivamile, okubalulekile ekulethweni kombono wethu we-ION (cf. 2 ) kanye ne-IceConnect (cf. 4 ). Ngokuhlanganisa isitoreji esabalalisiwe se-TON esine-cryptography engamelana nenani, i-IceVault (cf. 6 ) inikeza ingqalasizinda enengozi encishisiwe yokugebenga, ukufinyelela okungagunyaziwe, noma ukwephulwa kwedatha. Abasebenzisi bagcina ukulawula okuphelele kudatha yabo, ngokusebenzisa okhiye abahlukile, abalawulwa umsebenzisi, nabayimfihlo.
  5. I-Decentralized Database – IceQuery (cf. 7 ) yakhelwe ukuhlinzeka ngohlelo lwedatha ethembekile, olusobala, nolwe-tamper-proof kuwo wonke ama-dApps (cf. 7.5.1 ) ngaphakathi kwe-ION (cf. 2 ) ecosystem. Ngokungafani nemininingo egciniwe evamile, ebonakala ngokufakwa endaweni eyodwa futhi ejwayele ukukhohlisa, i-IceQuery inakekelwa ama-node aphethwe umphakathi futhi iqinisekisa ukuthi yonke idatha egcinwe futhi yenziwa ngaphakathi ayishintsheki futhi iyaqinisekiswa. I-IceQuery isebenzisa isendlalelo se-DLT ukuze ivumele wonke umhlanganyeli kunethiwekhi ukuthi aqinisekise ubuqotho banoma yikuphi ukuthengiselana okubhaliwe, iqinisekisa ukubonakala okugcwele kanye nokwethembeka kolwazi.

Ngokuhlanganisa lezi zici kungqalasizinda ye-blockchain eyodwa, engalawuleki ekwazi ukuphatha izigidi zezicelo ngomzuzwana futhi ibhekele izigidi zabasebenzisi, Ice I-Open Network (cf. 2 ) ihlose ukuhlinzeka ngesixazululo esibanzi sezinhlelo zokusebenza ezihlukaniselwe amazwe, ukuphathwa kwedatha, kanye nobunikazi bedijithali. Lokhu kubeka i-ION phambili endaweni yedijithali entsha, egxile kumsebenzisi.

Isingeniso

Ukufakwa ndawonye kwedatha, ukukhathazeka okuyimfihlo, kanye nokuntuleka kokulawula komsebenzisi phezu kolwazi lomuntu siqu yizinkinga ezisaqhubekayo ezinkundleni zedijithali zanamuhla, ezihlanganisa amanethiwekhi omphakathi, izinsiza zokulondoloza idatha, namanethiwekhi okulethwa kokuqukethwe. Ukufika kobuchwepheshe be-blockchain kuvule amathuba amasha okusabalalisa, ukubeka obala, nokuphepha emhlabeni wedijithali, okuthembisa ukuxazulula izinkinga ezibhekene nezakhiwo ezimaphakathi. Kodwa-ke, njengoba ubuchwepheshe bukhula nokwamukelwa kwabo kukhula, kuya ngokusobala ukuthi indawo yamanje ye-blockchain nayo ibhekene nezinselelo eziningi.

Kumodeli yamanje, abasebenzisi bavame ukuzithola besemseni wama-tech giants alawula idatha yabo. Lawa mabhizinisi anamandla okuqoqa, ukuhlaziya, nokwenza imali ngedatha yomsebenzisi, ngokuvamile ngaphandle kwemvume ecacile yomsebenzisi noma ulwazi. Lokhu kuye kwaholela ezimweni eziningi zokuphulwa kwedatha, ukusetshenziswa kabi kolwazi lomuntu siqu, kanye nokuguguleka okuvamile kobumfihlo bedijithali.

Ngokuphambene, izixazululo ezikhona ze-blockchain, ezixazulula eziningi, uma kungezona zonke lezi zinkinga, zilwa nezinye izinkinga, ezifana nokuqina nokusebenza kahle, okwenza ubuchwepheshe bungasebenzi njengengxenye yemodeli yamanje ephakathi. Njengoba inani labasebenzisi be-blockchain kanye nokuthengiselana kuqhubeka nokukhula, amanethiwekhi amaningi akuthola kuyinselele ukugcina isivinini sokuthenga esisheshayo nezindleko eziphansi. Lokhu sekuyisithiyo esibalulekile ekwamukelweni okusabalele kobuchwepheshe be-blockchain.

I Ice I-Open Network (ION) (cf. 2 ) iyimpendulo yethu kulezi zinselele. Yakhelwe phezu kwe-TON blockchain, i-ION yakhelwe ukuphatha izigidi zezicelo ngomzuzwana, iyenze ikwazi ukuhlinzeka ngezigidigidi zabasebenzisi emhlabeni jikelele. Kodwa i-ION ingaphezu nje kwe-blockchain e-scalable; yisixazululo esibanzi esihlanganisa izici ezimbalwa ezibalulekile ukuze kubhekwane nezindaba zobumfihlo bedatha, ukulawula komsebenzisi, nokuphatha idatha ngendlela efanele.

Ezigabeni ezilandelayo, sizocubungula imininingwane ye- Ice I-Open Network (cf. 2 ), izici zayo ezibalulekile, nokuthi ihlose kanjani ukuguqula isimo sezinsizakalo zedijithali. Sizohlola ukuthi i-ION ibhekana kanjani nezinselele zobumfihlo nokulawulwa kwedatha, ukuthi izisebenzisa kanjani izinsiza eziqhutshwa umphakathi ukuze ihlukanise phakathi kokuphathwa kwedatha, nokuthi inikeza kanjani ingqalasizinda eqinile nenyukayo yokuthuthukiswa nokusatshalaliswa kwezinhlelo zokusebenza ezihlukaniselwe amazwe.

Ingemuva le-TON

I-TON blockchain iyinkundla ye-blockchain enesivinini esikhulu, esheshayo futhi evikelekile eyaklanywa ukuhlangabezana nezidingo zomnotho wesimanje wedijithali. Yakhiwe njengokuqhubeka kwe- Telegram Iphrojekthi ye-Open Network (TON), eyasungulwa ekuqaleni ngabakwa Telegram Umholi weqembu - uDkt. Nikolai Durov - kodwa kamuva wayekwa ngenxa yezinkinga zokulawula.

I-TON yakhelwe phezu kwesakhiwo esiyingqayizivele esinemicu eminingi, esinezinhlamvu eziningi esivumela ukuthi icubungule izigidi zemisebenzi ngomzuzwana, okuyenza ibe enye yama-blockchain ashesha kakhulu akhona. Iphinde ibe nohlelo olunamandla lwenkontileka ehlakaniphile olusekelwe ku-TON Virtual Machine (i-TVM), esekela izinhlobonhlobo zezilimi zokuhlela futhi ivumela abathuthukisi ukuthi bakhe izinhlelo zokusebenza eziyinkimbinkimbi (dApps).

Ngaphandle kwalezi zici ezihlaba umxhwele, sibonile ukuthi bekunezindawo lapho i-TON blockchain ingathuthukiswa futhi inwetshwe khona. Lokhu kusenze sakha i- Ice Vula Inethiwekhi (ION), imfoloko ye-TON blockchain.

Sikhethe ukufolosa i-TON ngenxa yesakhiwo sayo esiqinile nesinokwehla, amandla ayo enkontileka ehlakaniphile enamandla, kanye nomphakathi wayo onamandla wabathuthukisi nabasebenzisi. Nokho, siphinde sabona amathuba okwethula izici ezintsha namasevisi azothuthukisa amakhono e-blockchain futhi anikeze inani elingeziwe kubasebenzisi bayo.

I Ice I-Open Network yakhela phezu kwamandla e-TON ngokwethula izici ezimbalwa ezibalulekile njenge -IceID (cf. 3 ), i-IceConnect (cf. 4 ), i-IceNet (cf. 5 ), i-IceVault (cf. 6 ), kanye ne -IceQuery (cf. 7 ).

Ngokuhlanganisa lezi zici ku-TON blockchain, i Ice I-Open Network ihlose ukuhlinzeka ngesixazululo esiphelele, esigxile kubasebenzisi, futhi esisebenza kahle se-blockchain esihlangabezana nezidingo zomnotho wesimanje wedijithali.

1. Ukwabiwa kwamazwe

I Ice I-Open Network iwubufakazi bamandla okwabiwa kwezindawo kwangempela. Kuyinethiwekhi eklanyelwe ukunika amandla abantu ngabanye, hhayi ama-conglomerates. Kuyinethiwekhi lapho wonke umhlanganyeli, kungakhathaliseki izinsiza zakhe, enethuba elilinganayo lokufaka isandla futhi ahlomule. Lona umnyombo weSigaba sokuQala: Ukwabiwa kwamazwe .

Inethiwekhi yethu yakhelwe phezu kwesisekelo sokubandakanya wonke umuntu. Sikholelwa ukuthi wonke umuntu, kungakhathaliseki indawo akuyo noma isimo sezomnotho, kufanele abe nethuba lokubamba iqhaza futhi avune izinzuzo zenguquko ye-blockchain. Yingakho senze nokwenzeka ukuthi noma ubani onomakhalekhukhwini ajoyine inethiwekhi yethu neyami Ice zemali. Le ndlela yokuphatha ayigcini nje ngokwenza intando yeningi inqubo yezimayini kodwa futhi ikhuthaza inethiwekhi ehlukahlukene futhi ebandakanya wonke umuntu.

I Ice I-Open Network ayigcini nje ngezinhlamvu zemali zezimayini. Kumayelana nokudala umphakathi lapho wonke umuntu enezwi. Kumayelana nokwakha inethiwekhi lapho amandla engagxili ezandleni zabambalwa, kodwa asatshalaliswa phakathi kwabaningi. Yingakho senze inqubomgomo ekhawulela umsebenzisi ngamunye ukuthi asebenzise idivayisi eyodwa ngaphansi kwegama lakhe. Le nqubomgomo iqinisekisa ukuthi amandla asatshalaliswa ngokulinganayo futhi ivimbela ukugxila kokulawula.

Ukuze sigcine ubuqotho benethiwekhi yethu futhi sisebenzise inqubomgomo yethu yamathuba alinganayo, sihlanganise izici zokuphepha ezimbalwa, ezisisiza ukuthi sithole futhi sihlabe umkhosi ama-akhawunti amaningi noma ama-bot. Ngokugcina lolu lwazi luyimfihlo kuze kube yilapho kuqala i-KYC, siqinisekisa ubumfihlo be-algorithms yethu yokuthola futhi sigweme noma yimiphi imizamo yokweqa imithetho yethu.

I Ice I-Open Network akuyona nje iphrojekthi ye-blockchain. Kungumnyakazo. Kuwubizo lokuthatha isinyathelo kuwo wonke umuntu okholelwa emandleni okusatshalaliswa kombuso. Kuyinkundla yalabo abanombono wekusasa lapho amandla engagxili, kodwa asatshalaliswa. Kuyinethiwekhi yalabo abanesibindi sokuphonsela inselelo isimo esikhona futhi baphokophele ikusasa elinokulingana nelibandakanyayo.

Ukwamukelwa ngokushesha kwe Ice kuwubufakazi besidingo sesixazululo se-blockchain esabelwe ngempela. Njengoba siqhubeka sikhula futhi sithuthuka, sihlala sizibophezele emsebenzini wethu wokusabalalisa amazwe. Sizibophezele ekwakheni inethiwekhi engenamandla kuphela kodwa futhi elinganayo futhi ebandakanyayo. Sizibophezele ekwakheni ikusasa lapho amandla esezandleni zabaningi, hhayi abambalwa. Lesi yisithembiso sikaJehova Ice Vula Inethiwekhi.

2. I-ION: Ice Vula Inethiwekhi

I Ice I-Open Network (ION) iwuhlelo lokuqala lwe-blockchain olusebenzisa amandla okusabalalisa ukuze kuchazwe kabusha isimo sedijithali.

I-ION blockchain iyi-blockchain esebenza kahle kakhulu, enezintambo eziningi, futhi ene-multi-shard ekwazi ukucubungula izigidi zokuthengiselana ngomzuzwana. Lokhu kuyenza ibe ngelinye lama-blockchain ashesha kakhulu futhi ahlaseleka kakhulu akhona. I-ION blockchain yakhelwe esakhiweni esiyingqayizivele esivumela ukuthi ikhule ngokuvundlile njengoba inani labahlanganyeli benethiwekhi landa, ngaleyo ndlela iqinisekise ukuthi inethiwekhi ihlala ishesha futhi isebenza kahle ngisho nalapho ikhula.

I-ION blockchain iphinde ibe nesistimu yenkontileka ehlakaniphile enamandla esekelwe ku-TON Virtual Machine (TVM). Lolu hlelo lusekela izilimi ezihlukene zokuhlela, ezivumela abathuthukisi ukuthi bakhe izinhlelo zokusebenza ezihlukene (dApps) kalula. I-TVM iphinde iqinisekise ukuthi izinkontileka ezihlakaniphile ku-ION blockchain zivikelekile futhi zithembekile, njengoba kufaka phakathi izindlela zokuqinisekisa okusemthethweni kanye nokusetshenziswa kwesikhathi sokusebenza kokuguquguquka kwenkontileka.

Ama-blockchain anenhloso evamile ahlushwa ukuntula kwawo ubunikazi kanye nenjongo yomhlaba wangempela, okusho ukuthi aqala njengama-blockchain angakwazi ukwenza yonke into futhi agcine njengama-blockchain angakwazi ukwenza lutho kahle. Isibonelo esihle kakhulu salolu daba ukuthi i-blockchain ye-Ethereum ayikwazi kanjani ukusetshenziselwa ukusetshenziswa kwezentengiselwano okulula kakhulu - inkokhelo esuka ku-Alice kuya ku-Bob ngokushintshanisa izimpahla noma amasevisi - ngoba inkokhelo encane elula ayikwazi ukuncintisana ne-multimillion dollar ye-DeFi. ukuthengiselana okusebenzisa zonke izinsiza zenethiwekhi.

Naphezu kokuba enye ye-blockchains esheshayo kuze kube manje - njengenhloso evamile vimba - i-TON ihlushwa ukugula okufanayo. Ngokuphambene, i-ION inombono ocacile wokuvumela ukusebenzisana komphakathi kwamahhala nokuyiqiniso, kanye nomsebenzi okhonkolo wokwakha isitaki sesevisi esidingekayo ukwenza kanjalo.

3. I-IceID: I-Decentralized Identity

Isevisi ye-IceID iyisisekelo esiyinhloko samasevisi e-ION, futhi yakhelwe njengethuluzi elivikelekile, eliyimfihlo nelizimele elivumela abasebenzisi ukuthi babe nokusebenzisana kwedijithali okunenjongo futhi benze izenzo ezibophezela ngokusemthethweni ngemiphumela yomhlaba wangempela. Ngokwabela ukuphathwa kobunikazi, i-ION iklanyelwe ukunikeza abasebenzisi ukulawula okukhulu kulwazi lwabo lomuntu siqu futhi ithuthukise ubumfihlo babo. Isevisi ye-IceID yakhelwe phezu kwezimiso zokuzibusa (cf. 3.1 ), ubumfihlo (cf. 3.3 ), ukuphepha (cf. 3.4 ), kanye nokusebenzisana (cf. 3.5 ).

3.1. Ukuzibusa

Kumodeli ye-self-sovereign identity (SSI), abasebenzisi banokulawula okuphelele phezu kobunikazi babo. Bangadala, babuyekeze, futhi basuse idatha yabo yobunikazi ngokuthanda kwabo, ngaphandle kokuthembela esiphathimandla esimaphakathi. Ukwengeza, i-SSI isekela ukudalulwa kwedatha yokuhlonza umuntu ngezinga eliphezulu lobumbudumbudu, okuvumela abasebenzisi ukwabelana ngesibaluli esisodwa noma ngaphezulu ngaphandle kokudalula ezinye. Isibonelo, uma umsebenzisi ethamele umcimbi osuselwe kwisimemo, i-SSI imenza akwazi ukudalula igama lakhe ukuze athole ukufinyelela kumcimbi oshiwo ngaphandle kokudalula ikheli lakhe lasekhaya.

Kodwa-ke, i-SSI ingadlulela nangaphezu kwalokhu, ngokusebenzisa i-cryptography ethuthukisiwe eyaziwa ngokuthi "i-zero knowledge proofs" (noma i-ZKP ngamafuphi) (cf. 3.9 ), umsebenzisi angafakazela ikhwalithi yemfanelo yobunikazi ngaphandle kokudalula imfanelo ngokwayo. Isibonelo, uma umsebenzisi kudingeka afakazele ukuthi uneminyaka yobudala esemthethweni ukuze angene endaweni yokuphuzela utshwala, i-SSI iyamvumela ukuthi anikeze ubufakazi obudingekayo ngaphandle kokudalula usuku lwakhe lokuzalwa ku-bouncer. Lolu wushintsho olubalulekile olusuka ezinhlelweni zobunikazi bendabuko, lapho abasebenzisi bancike kubahlinzeki bezinkampani zangaphandle ukuthi baphathe ubunikazi babo futhi ngokuvamile baphoqeleka ukuthi badalule amagama abo aphelele, ikheli lasekhaya kanye nenombolo yokuphepha yomphakathi lapho bebonisa ama-ID wabo ukuze afakazele iminyaka yabo.

Kunethiwekhi ye-ION, abasebenzisi bangakha obunikazi babo bedijithali besebenzisa isevisi ye-IceID. Ukuze uhambisane nomthetho oqinile wobumfihlo bedatha, idatha kamazisi yangempela igcinwa endaweni kudivayisi yomsebenzisi, iqinisekisa ukuthi umsebenzisi unokulawula okugcwele kulwazi lwakhe lomuntu siqu. Ama-ZKP kuphela nama-hashes abethelwe ale datha agcinwa ku-blockchain, okwenza ubunikazi bube nobufakazi bokuthikamezeka futhi buqinisekiswe ngenkathi kugcinwa ubumfihlo bomsebenzisi.

Abasebenzisi bangabuyekeza idatha yabo yobunikazi noma kunini, futhi bangaphinda bakhethe ukuhoxisa ubunikazi babo uma bengasafuni ukubamba iqhaza kunethiwekhi. Ukuze uthole ikhophi yasenqolobaneni yedatha, abasebenzisi banenketho yokugcina ngokuphephile idatha yabo kamazisi ebethelwe ku-IceVault (cf. 6 ), iCloud, noma i-Google Drayivu. Le ndlela iqinisekisa ukuthi abasebenzisi banokulawula okugcwele kudatha yabo, okuhlanganisa ukuthi igcinwa kuphi futhi kanjani.

3.2. Ibhuloho elisuka ekuzaziseni liye emhlabeni wangempela

Kunezinsiza eziningi zomazisi eziziqhenya ngamakhono agcwele wokuzibusa ngemikhiqizo yawo. Abanye babo baze bafeze isithembiso. Nokho, ukuze isevisi kamazisi ibe wusizo kumsebenzisi wokugcina, isevisi kamazisi kufanele yamukelwe ibhizinisi, abahlinzeki besevisi nezinye izinhlangano.

Endaweni yomlingo ye-SSI utopia (okungukuthi, ngendlela yethiyori eqinile), umsebenzisi angabhaliswa kusevisi kamazisi ngokuthi ubunikazi bakhe buqinisekiswe umsebenzisi oyedwa noma abaningi abakhona besevisi kamazisi, noma abasebenzisi abakhethekile abagunyazwe njengeziqinisekisi zobunikazi. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ngendlela efanayo yethiyori, abasebenzisi bangahoxisa ukufinyelela kudatha yabo, basuse noma iyiphi iminonjana yedatha yabo yomuntu siqu ku-inthanethi, ngokuthinta okukodwa kwenkinobho. Emhlabeni wangempela nokho, ubunikazi bedijithali busetshenziselwa ukugcwalisa nokusayina izinkontileka ukuze uthole izinsizakalo nokunye okwengeziwe. Abahlinzeki besevisi kamazisi bedijithali kufanele bakwazi ukunikeza iziqinisekiso ezinkulu kumaqembu athembekile, ukuthi idatha abayitholayo iyiqiniso futhi imele ngokunembile umnikazi wobunikazi bedijithali. Ukwengeza, amaqembu athembekile (isb, abahlinzeki besevisi) kufanele akwazi ukubambelela kudatha kamazisi isikhathi eside njengoba kudingeka, ukuze enze inkontileka, anciphise ubungozi noma athobele imithetho efanele.

Ake sicabange ngendlela elula yokusebenzisa ubunikazi bedijithali: izinsiza zezezimali ze-inthanethi (cf. 7.5.6 ). Umsebenzisi angasebenzisa i-SSI yakhe (cf 3.1 ) ukuze athole imali mboleko. Lapho ethola izimali, umnikazi we-SSI uthepha inkinobho bese esusa idatha yakhe esikhungweni sezimali esibaboleke imali. Ingabe wena - njengomhlinzeki wezinsizakalo zezezimali - ungathembela kule sevisi kamazisi? Impendulo kufanele icace kunoma ubani.

Ake siphinde sicabange elinye icala elilula lokusebenzisa: ukuhambisana nokusetshenziswa kwemali ngokungemthetho. Umsebenzisi angasebenzisa i-SSI yakhe ukuze afakazele ubunikazi bakhe futhi abhalise kukhasino eku-inthanethi. Lapho ithola imisebenzi ethile esolisayo, i-ejensi kahulumeni ibiza amakhasino aku-inthanethi ukuze athole umazisi walowo msebenzisi. Abamele ikhasino bahlola isevisi kamazisi wedijithali futhi babone ukuthi ungubani umsebenzisi “uqinisekiswe” ngabanye abasebenzisi abahlanu esikimu somazisi esihlukaniselwe indawo, kodwa ubunikazi balabo basebenzisi abukwazi ukunqunywa ngoba nabo bayi-SSI futhi iziqinisekisi azizange ziyinikeze imvume idatha yabo idaluliwe. Futhi ngakho, futhi, umbuzo ofanayo uyaphakama: ungathembela kusevisi enjalo kamazisi wedijithali? Okubaluleke nakakhulu, ingabe - njengomhlinzeki wesevisi kamazisi wedijithali - ungazichaya ezingozini ezinjalo?

Emhlabeni wangempela, i-AML kanye nemithetho yobunikazi bedijithali icacile futhi ihlala ikhona, ngaphandle kokunaka indawo ethile. Ukuze isevisi kamazisi yedijithali isebenziseke kunoma ubani futhi ngaleyo ndlela ingenise imali, idinga ukuthobela imithethonqubo eshiwo. Ngenxa yalokho, izinsiza “ezihlanzekile” ze-SSI azinamsebenzi. Zizwakala kamnandi ephepheni, kodwa akekho ongazisebenzisa.

Sidinga i-IceID ukuthi ibe yimfihlo, ivikeleke futhi inikeze umsebenzisi ukulawula okuphelele kudatha yakhe. Kodwa futhi sidinga ukwakha isevisi ewusizo emaqenjini amaningi athembekile ngangokunokwenzeka, ezindaweni eziningi ngangokunokwenzeka, futhi ngaleyo ndlela sikhiqize imali engenayo yabasebenzisi be-IceID kanye Ice umphakathi.

Kuzo zonke izizathu ezingenhla, inhloso yethu eyinhloko ye-IceID ukwakha ibhuloho phakathi kokuzibusa kanye nomhlaba wangempela.

3.3. Amazinga obumfihlo kanye nesiqiniseko

Ubumfihlo buwukukhathazeka okuyinhloko ezinhlelweni zobunikazi bedijithali. Abasebenzisi kufanele babe nekhono lokulawula ukuthi yiluphi ulwazi lomuntu siqu ababelana ngalo, ukuthi babelana nobani, futhi isikhathi esingakanani. Isevisi ye-IceID yakhelwe kucatshangelwa ubumfihlo ngokuboleka izici kumodeli ye-SSI (cf. 3.1 ).

Ama-IceID akhiwe ngezigaba eziningana ezibizwa ngokuthi amazinga wokuqinisekisa. Amazinga okuqinisekisa angeke abe namunye, abe phansi, abe mkhulu, noma abe phezulu. I-IceID engenalo izinga lokuqinisekisa ingafaka noma yiluphi uhlobo lwedatha (isb, igama-mbumbulu kuphela noma igama lomsebenzisi) futhi ingaqinisekiswa yinoma ubani noma kungabikho muntu nhlobo. Kumaleveli esiqinisekiso aphansi ukuya phezulu, isethi yedatha encane kufanele ifakwe ku-IceID yomsebenzisi, ehlanganisa igama, isibongo, nosuku lokuzalwa lomsebenzisi. Futhi, kumaleveli esiqinisekiso aphansi ukuya phezulu, ukuqinisekiswa kobunikazi bomsebenzisi kungenziwa kuphela iziqinisekisi zobunikazi ezigunyaziwe (okungukuthi, abasebenzisi abahloliwe be-IceID abanobunikazi bezinga lokuqinisekisa eliphezulu).

Uma abasebenzisi bakha i-IceID enezinga lesiqiniseko elithi “akekho”, bangakhetha ukuthi yiluphi ulwazi lomuntu siqu abazolifaka. Lokhu kungase kusuke kulwazi oluyisisekelo njengegama lomsebenzisi kuye kudatha ebucayi kakhulu njengekheli le-imeyili noma inombolo yocingo. Kodwa-ke, leli zinga lingasetshenziswa kuphela ekusebenzelaneni kontanga ngenxa yokungabi naso isiqiniseko. Ngamanye amazwi, abasebenzisi abafuna kuphela ukusebenzelana nabanye abasebenzisi (isb, ngaphakathi kwe-IceConnect (cf. 4) ) bayakwazi ukwenza kanjalo ngaphandle kwesithiyo. Lolu hlobo lokusetshenziswa kobunikazi bedijithali lungasebenza kahle ezimweni zokusebenzisa lapho abasebenzisi vele bazana futhi/noma bashintshisane ngolwazi lwe-IceID yabo emhlabeni wangempela. Kodwa-ke, abasebenzisi abasebenzisana ngokukhethekile ku-inthanethi nontanga abanama-IceID aneleveli yokuqinisekisa asikho isidingo sokuthi baxwayiswe kakhulu ekwethembeni ulwazi lobunikazi olunikezwa ontanga abashiwo. Ukuze unciphise ubungozi obunjalo ngenkathi uqinisekisa ubumfihlo, zonke izimangalo zomazisi ezihlobene ne-IceID zizophatha imethadatha efakazela ileveli yokuqinisekisa noma ukuntuleka kwayo. Lokhu kusho ukuthi umsebenzisi akakwazi ukwazi ileveli yokuqinisekisa ye-IceID yomunye umsebenzisi, ngaphambi kwenhloso ecacile yalowo msebenzisi yokusebenzisana nokuvuma ukudalula ulwazi. Ngomongo wokuxhumana nomphakathi, lokhu kuhumusha iqiniso lokuthi ngeke ukwazi ukubona ukuthi umsebenzisi "unomaka oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka" kuze kube yilapho lowo msebenzisi evuma isicelo sakho sokulandela.

Lapho abasebenzisi bakha i-IceID enezinga lesiqiniseko “eliphansi”, “likhulu” noma “eliphezulu”, i-IceID yabo kufanele ifake, okungenani, igama labo, isibongo, nedethi yokuzalwa. Abasebenzisi bangakhetha ukufaka noma yiluphi ulwazi lomuntu siqu olwengeziwe, kodwa ubuncane bedatha obubekiwe buyisibopho. Ukwengeza, ukuze bathole noma yiliphi izinga lesiqinisekiso ku-IceID yabo, abasebenzisi kufanele bahlole ubuwena futhi baqinisekiswe yisiqinisekisi se-IceID esigunyaziwe, kungaba mathupha noma ngokuqinisekiswa kwevidiyo bekude, futhi kufanele bavume ukuba nobufakazi bokuqinisekisa ubuwena bugcinwe yisiqinisekisi se-IceID esigunyaziwe. wenze ukuqinisekiswa, isikhathi esinqunywa indawo lapho i-IceID ikhishwa khona, ngezinjongo zokuthobelana. Ubufakazi bokuqinisekisa ubunikazi bungase buhlanganise omazisi bomsebenzisi, obusetshenziswe ukwenza ukuqinisekiswa, ukurekhodwa kwevidiyo yenqubo yokuqinisekisa, nolunye ulwazi kuye ngomthetho osebenzayo endaweni yalowo msebenzisi kanye nezinga lokuqinisekisa elidingekayo.

Okubalulekile, isevisi ye-IceID iphinde ivumele abasebenzisi ukuthi bagcine amazinga ahlukene okuqinisekisa kwe-Know Your Customer (KYC). Lokhu kusho ukuthi abasebenzisi bangaqinisekisa futhi bagcine izici ezihlukile zobunikazi babo, njengegama labo, inombolo yocingo, i-imeyili, ikheli, isithombe, nokuningi. Ngayinye yalezi ziqinisekiso zihambisana nezinga elihlukile le-KYC, linikeza abasebenzisi isistimu kamazisi eguquguqukayo nengenziwa ngendlela oyifisayo.

Okokugcina, isevisi ye-IceID inika amandla ukusetshenziswa kobufakazi obungenalwazi ukuze kuqinisekiswe izimangalo zobunikazi ngaphandle kokuveza idatha ewumsuka (cf. 3.9 ), ezimweni zokusetshenziswa lapho idatha yobunikazi kungafanele idalulwe. Lokhu kuvumela abasebenzisi ukufakazela izinto ezimayelana nabo ngaphandle kokwabelana ngolwazi lwabo lomuntu siqu. Njengoba kushiwo ngaphambili, umsebenzisi angafakazela ukuthi uneminyaka engaphezu kwengu-18 ubudala ngaphandle kokudalula iminyaka yabo yangempela noma usuku lokuzalwa. Le ndlela ihlinzeka ngezinga eliphezulu lobumfihlo ngenkathi isavumela ukuqinisekiswa kobunikazi obuqinile.

3.4. Ezokuphepha

Ukuphepha kubaluleke kakhulu kunoma iyiphi isistimu kamazisi yedijithali, kubekwa phambili ngisho nangezindleko zokuthikameza ukusebenziseka. Isevisi ye-IceID isebenzisa ukubethela okuqinile kokumelana ne-quantum ukuze kuvikeleke idatha yomuntu siqu, futhi inezivikelo ezikhona zokuvikela ekuhlaselweni okuvamile nokuba sengozini.

Ukuphepha ngaphakathi kwesevisi ye-IceID kuqala kumongo wesistimu - idivayisi yomsebenzisi - ngokunika amandla umsebenzisi ukuthi adale ukhiye oyimfihlo ongathengeki ngaphakathi kwesici esivikelekile sedivayisi noma i-enclave evikelekile kanye nokuba nokhiye oyimfihlo oxhunywe ngokukhethekile ku-biometrics yabo, ukuze noma yimuphi omunye umuntu onokufinyelela idivayisi kanye nesici sokuvikela (isb, iphethini, iphinikhodi, iphasiwedi njll.) akakwazi ukufinyelela isevisi ye-IceID futhi enze egameni lomnikazi we-IceID ofanelekile.

Yonke idatha yomuntu siqu igcinwa ngokuphephile ngaphandle kwe-chain, ikakhulukazi kumadivayisi wabasebenzisi, iqinisekisa ukuthi ayifinyeleleki esidlangalaleni ku-blockchain. Idatha ibethelwe kusetshenziswa ama-cryptographic algorithm asezingeni eliphezulu, futhi umsebenzisi kuphela onezikhiye zokuyisusa. Lokhu kusho ukuthi noma ngabe idivayisi yomsebenzisi isengozini, umhlaseli ngeke akwazi ukufinyelela idatha yomuntu siqu yomsebenzisi ngaphandle kokhiye bokususa ukubethela.

Uma umnikazi we-IceID efuna ukusebenzelana ku-inthanethi nenkampani yangaphandle (umuntu, inhlangano noma isevisi), angakwazi ukususa ukubhala ngemfihlo idatha edingekayo lapho kudingeka futhi ayithumele kumuntu wesithathu ocelayo kanye nokhiye okhethekile osetshenziselwa ukubethela ama-hash. Iqembu lesithathu lingasheshisa idatha, libethele i-hashi futhi liqhathanise umphumela nobufakazi bokuqinisekisa ku-blockchain. Le nqubo inika amandla inkampani yangaphandle ukuthi iqinisekise idatha futhi iqinisekisa ukuthi idatha ayishintshiwe noma iphazanyiswa ukuqinisekiswa kobunikazi nokukhishwa kwe-IceID.

Isevisi ye-IceID ihlanganisa nezindlela zokuvikela ekuntshontshweni kobunikazi, njengokuqinisekisa ngezinto eziningi nokuqinisekiswa kwe-biometric. Lezi zici zengeza isendlalelo esengeziwe sokuphepha, okwenza kube nzima kubadlali abanonya ukuzenza abasebenzisi. Ngaphezu kwalokho, abasebenzisi bangakhetha ukwenza ikhophi yasenqolobaneni yedatha yabo ebethelwe ku-IceVault (cf. 6 ), iCloud, noma i-Google Drayivu, ihlinzeka ngesendlalelo esengeziwe sokungafuneki nokuvikeleka.

Ngokugcina idatha endaweni kumadivayisi abasebenzisi nokusebenzisa ukubethela okuqinile, isevisi ye-IceID iqinisekisa ukuthi idatha yomuntu siqu kokubili ivikelekile futhi iyimfihlo. Le ndlela ihlinzeka abasebenzisi ngokuqiniseka ukuthi ubunikazi babo bedijithali buphephile futhi bungaphansi kolawulo lwabo.

3.5. Ukusebenzisana

Ukusebenzisana yikhono lesistimu ukusebenza ngaphandle komthungo namanye amasistimu. Isevisi ye-IceID yakhelwe ukuthi isebenzisane namanye amasistimu wobunikazi bedijithali, ama-blockchain ahlukahlukene, namasistimu endabuko, ethobela indlela ye-W3C DID (Izihlonzi Ezisezingeni Eliphansi) Yokubhaliswa Kwezinqumo.

Lokhu kusho ukuthi ubunikazi bedijithali obudalwe kunethiwekhi ye-ION bungasetshenziswa ukuze kuhlanganyele nezinye izinsiza, ngaphakathi kwe-ION ecosystem nangale kwalokho. Isibonelo, umsebenzisi angasebenzisa i-IceID yakhe ukuze angene ku-dApp, asayine umsebenzi we-blockchain, noma aqinisekise ngesevisi yewebhu evamile (cf. 7.5.1 )

Indlela ye-W3C DID Specification Registries iqinisekisa ukuthi isevisi ye-IceID iyahambisana nezinye izinhlelo zobunikazi bedijithali ezisabalalisiwe. Lokhu kumiswa kusiza ukuhlanganiswa kwenethiwekhi ye-ION nezinye izinkundla namasevisi, kuthuthukise ukusetshenziswa kanye nokufinyeleleka kwesevisi ye-IceID.

Ngokuhlinzeka ngesixazululo somazisi bedijithali esabiwe, esivikelekile, esiyimfihlo, nesisebenzisanayo, isevisi ye-IceID inika abasebenzisi amandla okulawula ubunikazi babo bedijithali futhi basebenzisane nomhlaba wedijithali ngemibandela yabo. Lokhu kusebenzisana kuyisici esibalulekile sesevisi ye-IceID, okuvumela abasebenzisi ukuthi basebenzise ubunikazi babo bedijithali kuzo zonke izinhlelo zokusebenza nezinkundla eziningi.

3.6. I-Recovery Mechanism

Isevisi ye-IceID kunethiwekhi ye-ION ihlanganisa indlela yokuthola kabusha eqinile esebenzisa i-Multi-Party Computation (MPC) (cf. 4.5.2 ). I-MPC iphrothokholi eyimfihlo evumela amaqembu amaningi ukuthi ahlanganise umsebenzi ngokuhlanganyela phezu kokufaka kwawo kuyilapho egcina lokho okokufaka kuyimfihlo. Kumongo wokutholwa kokhiye, i-MPC ingasetshenziswa ukuhlukanisa ukhiye oyimfihlo womsebenzisi ube amasheya amaningi, ngalinye eligcinwa ngokuhlukile.

Ekusetshenzisweni kwenethiwekhi ye-ION, umsebenzisi we-IceID oneleveli yokuqinisekisa engekho noma ephansi angakhetha ukuthi ukhiye wakhe oyimfihlo uhlukaniswe abe amasheya amahlanu esebenzisa i-MPC (cf. 4.5.2 ). Kulesi simo, umsebenzisi ugcina ukhiye oyimfihlo kudivayisi yakhe, futhi amasheya okhiye abahlanu agcinwa ngokuvikelekile ezindaweni ezihlukene, ezithenjwayo. Uma umsebenzisi elahlekelwa ukufinyelela kukhiye wakhe oyimfihlo, angawubuyisa ngokufinyelela noma yimaphi amasheya amathathu kwahlanu. Lokhu kudinga ukusebenzisana phakathi kwezinhlangothi eziphethe amasheya, ukuqinisekisa ukuthi akekho umuntu oyedwa ongafinyelela ukhiye oyimfihlo womsebenzisi ngokwakhe.

Le ndlela ihlinzeka ngokulinganisela phakathi kokuphepha nokusebenziseka. Iqinisekisa ukuthi abasebenzisi bangakwazi ukubuyisela okhiye babo ngisho noma bebalahlekele, kuyilapho ivimbela noma iyiphi inhlangano eyodwa ekutholeni ukufinyelela okungagunyaziwe kuyo. Ukusetshenziswa kwe-MPC kunqubo yokutakula futhi kunciphisa izithiyo zobuchwepheshe ezivame ukuhambisana nokuphathwa okubalulekile ezinhlelweni ze-blockchain, okwenza isevisi ye-IceID ifinyeleleke kubasebenzisi bawo wonke amazinga ochwepheshe bezobuchwepheshe.

Kodwa-ke, kuma-IceID anamazinga esiqinisekiso aphakeme futhi aphezulu, ukhiye oyimfihlo kufanele ukhiqizwe ngokuvikelekile njengongathutheki ngaphakathi kwento evikelekile noma indawo evikelekile yedivayisi yomsebenzisi, noma ngaphakathi kwemojula yokuvikela yehadiwe evikelekile, ngaleyo ndlela kuqinisekiswe ukuthi i-IceID ayikwazi okuphindiwe noma okuhlanganisiwe.

Kulokhu, imininingwane ethile yendlela yokutakula ingafanelana nezidingo zomsebenzisi. Isibonelo, indlela yokutakula ingase ihlanganise ukukhiqiza okhiye abaningi abayimfihlo, lapho oyedwa kuphela ongagunyazwa “njengosebenzayo” kuleveli yenkontileka ehlakaniphile. Esimeni sokulahlekelwa ukhiye, umsebenzisi angase asebenzise abanye okhiye ukuze agunyaze ukhiye omusha njengosebenzayo, ngaleyo ndlela agcwalise kokubili izimfuneko zokutholwa kanye nezidingo zokuhluka kobunikazi. Okunye, uma ukhiye oyimfihlo womsebenzisi ugcinwe kusilawuli kude se-HSM, umgcini wokhiye oyimfihlo anganikeza ukufinyelela komsebenzisi kukhiye wakhe oyimfihlo ngokuqinisekisa ubunikazi bakhe ngenhlanganisela yemibuzo yokuphepha yomuntu siqu, idatha ye-biometric, kanye/noma amakhodi ayisipele. Lokhu kuvumelana nezimo kuvumela abasebenzisi ukuthi bakhethe indlela yokuthola abakhululekile ngayo futhi ehlangabezana nezidingo zabo zokuphepha.

Imvume iwumgomo oyisisekelo kubumfihlo bedatha. Noma nini lapho idatha yomuntu siqu yabiwa, imvume ecacile yomsebenzisi kufanele itholwe futhi irekhodwe. Lokhu kuqinisekisa ukuthi abasebenzisi bagcina ukulawula ulwazi lwabo lomuntu siqu kanye nokuthi amalungelo abo obumfihlo ayahlonishwa.

Isevisi ye-IceID kunethiwekhi ye-ION ihlanganisa indlela yokurekhoda imvume. Noma kunini lapho idatha yomsebenzisi iceliwe, umsebenzisi uyalwa ukuthi anikeze imvume yakhe esobala. Le mvume ibe isirekhodwa ku-blockchain, ihlinzeka ngerekhodi lobufakazi bokuphazanyiswa kokugunyazwa komsebenzisi.

Le nqubo iqinisekisa ukuthi abasebenzisi banokubonakala okuphelele nokulawula kokuthi ubani ofinyelela idatha yabo nokuthi ngaziphi izinjongo. Iphinde inikeze ngomkhondo wokuhlola ocacile, ongaba usizo ekuxazululeni izingxabano nokubonisa ukuthobela imithetho yobumfihlo bedatha.

3.8. Ukuqinisekisa Okuqinisekisa

Ukuqinisekisa okuqinisekiswayo kuyifomethi evamile yokukhipha, ukudlulisa, nokuqinisekisa ubunikazi bedijithali. Angafaka noma yini kusukela kugama lephrofayela elilula kuye ku-ID ekhishwe uhulumeni. Ngokusebenzisa ifomethi evamile, izifakazelo eziqinisekisayo ziqinisekisa ukuthi ubunikazi bedijithali buyasebenzisana futhi bungaqinisekiswa kalula yizinkampani zangaphandle.

Isevisi ye-IceID kunethiwekhi ye-ION isekela ukusetshenziswa kwemininingwane eqinisekisiwe. Lezi zifakazo zikhishwa amabhizinisi athenjwayo futhi zingasetshenziswa ukufakazela izici ezihlukahlukene zobunikazi bomsebenzisi.

Isibonelo, i-ejensi kahulumeni ingakhipha ubufakazi obuqinisekisayo beminyaka yomsebenzisi noma ubuzwe. Umsebenzisi angabese esebenzisa lobu bufakazi ukuze afakazele ubudala bakhe noma ubuzwe komunye umuntu, ngaphandle kokuthi abelane ngolwazi lomuntu siqu olwengeziwe.

Ubufakazi obungaqinisekiswa buthuthukisa ukusebenza nokuthembeka kobunikazi bedijithali, bubenze basebenziseke kakhulu kumongo obanzi.

3.9. Ukuveza Ulwazi Olukhethekile Nobufakazi Obungenalo Ulwazi

Ukuveza obala okukhethiwe kanye nobufakazi obungenalo ulwazi kungamathuluzi anamandla okulondoloza ubumfihlo kusistimu yobunikazi bedijithali. Ivumela abasebenzisi ukuthi banikeze ubufakazi ngabo ngaphandle kokuveza ulwazi lwabo lwangempela.

Isibonelo, umsebenzisi angafakazela ukuthi ungaphezu kweminyaka ethile ngaphandle kokudalula usuku lwakhe lokuzalwa oluqondile. Lokhu kufinyelelwa kusetshenziswa amasu e-cryptographic avumela inkampani yangaphandle ukuthi iqinisekise iqiniso lesimangalo ngaphandle kokufunda noma yiluphi ulwazi olwengeziwe.

Isevisi ye-IceID kunethiwekhi ye-ION ihlanganisa ukudalula okukhethiwe kanye nobufakazi obungenalo ulwazi enqubweni yayo yokuqinisekisa ubuwena. Lokhu kuvumela abasebenzisi ukuthi bagcine izinga eliphezulu lobumfihlo ngenkathi besakwazi ukufakazela izici ezibalulekile zobunikazi babo.

Le ndlela ihlinzeka ngokulingana phakathi kobumfihlo nokusetshenziswa, okuvumela abasebenzisi ukuthi babambe iqhaza kumasevisi edijithali nemisebenzi ngaphandle kokudela ubumfihlo babo bomuntu siqu.

3.10. Digital Twins

Iwele ledijithali liwumfanekiso obonakalayo wezibaluli nokuziphatha komsebenzisi emhlabeni wedijithali. Ingakwazi ukusebenzisana nezinsizakalo esikhundleni somsebenzisi, ngokuya ngemithetho ebekwe umsebenzisi. Lo mqondo uwusizo ikakhulukazi kumongo we-IoT (I-inthanethi Yezinto) (cf. 3.16 ) lapho amadivaysi aphathekayo anozakwabo bedijithali.

Kusevisi ye-IceID kunethiwekhi ye-ION, ubunikazi obudijithali bomsebenzisi bungaxhunywa kumawele edijithali. Leli wele lingakwazi ukwenza imisebenzi futhi lithathe izinqumo ngokusekelwe kulokho okuthandwa ngumsebenzisi kanye nemiyalelo. Isibonelo, iwele ledijithali lomsebenzisi lingaphendula ngokuzenzakalelayo izicelo zobungane kunkundla yezokuxhumana, noma lingaphatha ikhalenda yomsebenzisi futhi lihlele ama-aphoyintimenti.

Ukusetshenziswa kwamawele edijithali kungathuthukisa kakhulu ukusebenza kanye nokuba lula kobunikazi bedijithali. Ivumela ukuzenzekela kwemisebenzi evamile, ikhulule isikhathi nokunaka komsebenzisi. Iphinde ivumele ukusebenzisana okuyinkimbinkimbi nezinsizakalo zedijithali, njengoba iwele ledijithali lingakwazi ukucubungula futhi lisabele olwazini ngokushesha kakhulu kunomsebenzisi ongumuntu.

3.11. Ukulawula Ukufinyelela Okunamandla

Ukulawula ukufinyelela kwe-Dynamic kuyindlela eguquguqukayo neyinkimbinkimbi yokuphatha ukufinyelela kudatha. Kunokuba umane unikeze noma unqabele ukufinyelela, ukulawula ukufinyelela okuguquguqukayo kuvumela izimvume ezicushwe kahle kakhulu. Lokhu kungase kuhlanganise ukufinyelela kwesikhashana, ukufinyelela okuphelelwa yisikhathi ngemva kokuba isimo esithile sesihlangatshezwane, noma ukufinyelela okukhawulelwe kudatha ethile.

Kusevisi ye-IceID, ukulawulwa kokufinyelela okunamandla kungase kusetshenziswe ukunikeza abasebenzisi ukulawula okwengeziwe kudatha yabo. Isibonelo, umsebenzisi anganikeza isevisi ukufinyelela kwesikhashana kudatha yendawo yakhe ngesikhathi sokulethwa. Uma ukulethwa sekuqediwe, ukufinyelela kuzophelelwa yisikhathi ngokuzenzakalelayo.

Le ndlela ihlinzeka abasebenzisi ngokulawula okwengeziwe nokuba sobala kudatha yabo. Iphinde ivumele ukusebenzisana okuyinkimbinkimbi namasevisi, njengoba izimvume zokufinyelela zingalungiselelwa izimo nezidingo ezithile.

3.12. Isistimu Yesithunzi Esimisiwe

Isistimu yesithunzi ehlukaniselwe indawo iyindlela yabantu noma izinhlangano zokuzuza imiphumela yesithunzi ngokususelwe ekusebenzelaneni nasekuthengiseni kwabo. Lawa maphuzu angenza kube lula kwabanye ukuthi bawathembe, kube lula ukusebenzelana nemisebenzi emhlabeni wedijithali.

Isevisi ye-IceID ihlanganisa isistimu yesithunzi ehlukaniselwe ohlakeni lwayo lobunikazi bedijithali. Abasebenzisi bathola amaphuzu edumela lokusebenzelana okuhle, njengokuqedela okwenziwayo ngesikhathi noma ukuthola impendulo evela kwabanye abasebenzisi. Lezi zikolo zesithunzi zisetshenziselwa ukusungula ukwethembana ekusebenzisaneni okuzayo.

Isistimu yesithunzi ehlukaniselwe indawo ingathuthukisa ukusetshenziswa nokuthembeka kobunikazi bedijithali. Inikeza isilinganiso esisobala nesinenjongo sokwethembeka komsebenzisi, okwenza kube lula kwabanye ukubathemba.

3.13. Indawo Yemakethe Yedatha

Indawo yemakethe yedatha inkundla lapho abasebenzisi bengakhetha khona ukwenza imali ngedatha yabo ngokwabelana ngayo nabakhangisi, abacwaningi, noma abanye abathintekayo. Konke okwenziwayo endaweni yemakethe kusobala futhi kusekelwe emvumeni, okuqinisekisa ukuthi abasebenzisi bagcina ukulawula idatha yabo.

Isevisi ye-IceID ihlanganisa imakethe yedatha ohlakeni lwayo lobunikazi bedijithali. Abasebenzisi bangakhetha ukwabelana ngedatha ethile, njengemikhuba yabo yokuphequlula noma izintandokazi zokuthenga, ukuze bathole isinxephezelo. Lokhu kungase kuthathe uhlobo lwezinkokhelo eziqondile, izaphulelo, noma ukufinyelela kumasevisi e-premium.

Imakethe yedatha inikeza abasebenzisi ithuba lokuzuza kudatha yabo. Iphinde ikhuthaze ukubonisa ngale kanye nemvume ekwabelaneni ngedatha, njengoba abasebenzisi benokulawula okugcwele kokuthi ubani ongafinyelela idatha yabo nokuthi ngayiphi injongo.

3.14. Ubunikazi Obubucayi Bomongo

Ubunikazi obubucayi bokuqukethwe isici esivumela “ukubuka” okuhlukile kobunikazi bomsebenzisi ukuthi kwethulwe kuye komongo. Lokhu kufinyelelwa ngokudala amaphrofayela kamazisi amaningi omsebenzisi, ngalinye liqukethe amasethi angaphansi ahlukene edatha kamazisi yomsebenzisi.

Isibonelo, umsebenzisi angase abe nephrofayili yobungcweti efaka isihloko sakhe somsebenzi, umlando womsebenzi, neziqu zobungcweti. Le phrofayela ingasetshenziswa lapho usebenzisana nezinkundla zokuxhumana ezichwepheshile noma amawebhusayithi okusesha umsebenzi.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, umsebenzisi angase abe nephrofayili yokuxhumana nabantu ehlanganisa izinto azithandayo, izinto azithandayo, nokuthunyelwe kwebhulogi yomuntu siqu. Le phrofayela ingasetshenziswa lapho usebenzisana nezinkundla zokuxhumana noma imiphakathi eku-inthanethi.

Isevisi ye-IceID kunethiwekhi ye-ION isekela ubunikazi obubucayi komongo ngokuvumela abasebenzisi ukuthi bakhe futhi baphathe amaphrofayela obunikazi amaningi. Iphrofayela ngayinye ixhunywe kubunikazi obuyinhloko bomsebenzisi kodwa iqukethe kuphela idatha ethile umsebenzisi akhetha ukuyifaka. Lokhu kunikeza abasebenzisi ukuguquguquka kokulawula ukuthi bazethula kanjani kuzimo ezihlukile, kuyilapho begcina izinzuzo zokuvikeleka nezobumfihlo zobunikazi obuhlukaniselwe izwe.

3.15. Inkundla Yokuqinisekisa Ukuqinisekisa

I-Verrifiable Credential Platform iyisistimu lapho abahlinzeki besevisi abahlukahlukene bengakhipha khona, baqinisekise, futhi baphathe imininingwane yedijithali. Lezi zincwadi zokuqinisekisa zingahlanganisa izinhlobonhlobo eziningi, kusukela kuziqu zemfundo kuya ekutholeni izitifiketi zobungcweti.

Isibonelo, inkundla yezifundo eziku-inthanethi ingakhipha imininingwane yedijithali kumsebenzisi oqede isifundo esithile. Lokhu kuqinisekisa kugcinwa ngaphakathi kobunikazi bedijithali bomsebenzisi futhi kungabiwa nabangase babe abaqashi noma abanye abantu abanentshisekelo.

Abaqashi noma ezinye izinhlangano zingase zisebenzise inkundla ukuze ziqinisekise imininingwane, ziqinisekise ukuthi zikhishwe yiziphathimandla ezifanele futhi aziphazanyiswanga. Lokhu kunikeza indlela ephephile nephumelelayo kubasebenzisi ukuze babonise iziqu zabo kanye nokuthi abaqashi baziqinisekise.

Isevisi ye-IceID kunethiwekhi ye-ION isekela i-Verrifiable Credential Platform ngokuhlinzeka ngengqalasizinda eyisisekelo yokukhishwa, ukugcina, nokuqinisekisa izifakazelo. Lokhu kuhlanganisa ukuhlanganiswa nabahlinzeki besevisi abahlukahlukene ukuze kube lula ukukhishwa nokuqinisekiswa kwemininingwane, kanye nokunikeza isixhumi esibonakalayo esisebenziseka kalula ukuze abasebenzisi baphathe futhi babelane ngemininingwane yabo.

3.16. Ukusebenzisana namadivayisi we-IoT

Ukusebenzisana namadivayisi e-IoT kusho ikhono lobunikazi bomsebenzisi obuhlukaniselwe ukusebenzelana nokugunyaza izenzo ngamadivayisi we-inthanethi Yezinto (IoT). Lokhu kungase kuhlanganise izinhlobonhlobo zemishini, kusukela ezintweni zikagesi ezihlakaniphile zasendlini kuye kweyezimboni (cf. 7.5.11 ).

Isibonelo, umsebenzisi angasebenzisa ubunikazi bakhe obuhlukanisiwe ukuze aqinisekise ngesikhiya somnyango esihlakaniphile, okubavumela ukuthi bavule umnyango ngaphandle kokudinga ukhiye ophathekayo. Ngokufanayo, umsebenzisi angasebenzisa ubunikazi bakhe ukuze agunyaze i-smart thermostat ukuze ilungise izinga lokushisa ekhaya labo.

Isevisi ye-IceID kunethiwekhi ye-ION ingase isekele ukusebenzisana namadivayisi e-IoT ngokunikeza indlela evikelekile nemisiwe yamadivayisi ukuze aqinisekise abasebenzisi futhi agunyaze izenzo. Lokhu kuzobandakanya ukuhlanganiswa nezinkundla namadivayisi e-IoT ahlukahlukene, kanye nokuthuthukisa izivumelwano zokuxhumana okuphephile nokugunyazwa.

3.17. Ukuhlanganiswa Nezinhlangano Ezizimele Ezizimele (DAOs)

Ukuhlanganiswa Nezinhlangano Ezizimele Ezizimele (ama-DAO) kubhekisela endleni yabasebenzisi ukusebenzisa ubunikazi babo obuhlukaniswe ezindaweni ukuze bajoyine noma bahlanganyele nama-DAO. Ama-DAO yizinhlangano eziqhutshwa yizinkontileka ezihlakaniphile ku-blockchain, ezivumela ukubusa okuhlukaniselwe kanye nokwenza izinqumo.

Isibonelo, umsebenzisi angasebenzisa ubunikazi bakhe bokwehlukaniswa ukuze ajoyine i-DAO, abambe iqhaza ekuvoteni, futhi athole imiklomelo noma izabelo. Lokhu kuzovumela ukubamba iqhaza okungenazihibe ekubuseni okuhlukaniselwe abantu, njengoba abasebenzisi ngeke badinge ukuthi bakhe ubunikazi obuhlukene be-DAO ngayinye abayijoyinayo.

Isevisi ye-IceID kunethiwekhi ye-ION isekela ukuhlanganiswa nama-DAO ngokuhlinzeka ngendlela evikelekile nemisiwe ukuze ama-DAO aqinisekise amalungu futhi alandelele ukuhlanganyela kwawo. Lokhu kuhlanganisa ukuhlanganisa nezinkundla ezihlukahlukene ze-DAO nokuthuthukisa izimiso zokuxhumana eziphephile nokuvota.

3.18. Dynamic Identity Amathokheni

I-Dynamic Identity Tokens iyisici sesevisi ye-IceID kunethiwekhi ye-ION (cf. 2 ) evumela abasebenzisi ukuthi bahlanganise izingxenye ezithile zobunikazi babo zibe amathokheni angabiwa ngokukhetha. Lawa mathokheni angamela izici ezihlukahlukene zobunikazi bomsebenzisi, njengegama lakhe, iminyaka yobudala, ubuzwe, noma iziqu zobungcweti.

Ithokheni ngalinye lisayinwa nge-cryptographically ngumkhiphi, okuqinisekisa ubuqiniso balo nobuqotho. Abasebenzisi bangakhetha ukwabelana ngala mathokheni nezinkampani zangaphandle, ezingase ziqinisekise amathokheni zisebenzisa ukhiye osesidlangalaleni wokhiphayo.

Lesi sici sihlinzeka ngendlela eguquguqukayo nevikelekile kubasebenzisi ukwabelana ngezingxenye ezithile zobunikazi babo ngaphandle kokuveza ubunikazi babo bonke. Iphinde ivumele izinkampani zangaphandle ukuthi ziqinisekise izimangalo ezithile zobunikazi ngaphandle kokudinga ukufinyelela kudatha kamazisi egcwele yomsebenzisi (cf. 3.9 )

3.19. Uhlelo Lokubuyisela Komphakathi

I-Social Recovery System iyindlela evumela abasebenzisi ukuthi bathole ama-akhawunti abo ngosizo loxhumana nabo abathembekile. Kusevisi yenethiwekhi ye-ION (cf. 2 ) ye-IceID (cf. 3 ), abasebenzisi bangaqoka inani loxhumana nabo abathembekile abangasiza ekubuyiseni i-akhawunti.

Uma umsebenzisi elahlekelwa ukufinyelela ku-akhawunti yakhe, angakwazi ukuqalisa inqubo yokuthola. Le nqubo ithumela isicelo sokuthola kabusha koxhumana nabo abathembekile bomsebenzisi. Uma inombolo eyanele yalaba abathintwayo ivuma isicelo, i-akhawunti yomsebenzisi iyatholwa.

Le ndlela ihlinzeka ngendlela evikelekile nesebenziseka kalula yokuthola ama-akhawunti, enciphisa ingcuphe yokulahlekelwa unomphela kwe-akhawunti ngenxa yokhiye abayimfihlo abalahlekile noma ezinye izinkinga.

3.20. Izici ze-Geo-Sensitive

I-Geo-Sensitive Features iyingxenye yesevisi ye-IceID (cf. 3 ) kunethiwekhi ye-ION (cf. 2 ) evumela abasebenzisi ukuthi balungise imithetho yokwabelana ngedatha ngokusekelwe endaweni yabo yangempela. Lokhu kungaba wusizo ezimeni lapho imithetho yobumfihlo bedatha ihluka ngokuya ngendawo ethile, noma lapho abasebenzisi bafuna ukukhawulela ukwabelana kwedatha lapho besezindaweni ezithile.

Abasebenzisi bangamisa imithetho elungisa ngokuzenzakalelayo izilungiselelo zabo zokwabelana ngedatha ngokusekelwe endaweni yabo. Isibonelo, umsebenzisi angasetha isimiso sokwabelana ngedatha yomuntu siqu encane lapho esendaweni enemithetho eqinile yobumfihlo bedatha.

Lesi sici sinikeza abasebenzisi amandla amakhulu okulawula ubumfihlo bedatha yabo futhi sisiza ukuqinisekisa ukuthobela imithetho yobumfihlo bedatha yendawo.

3.21. Ukuqinisekiswa Kwedokhumenti Esabelwe

Ukuqinisekiswa Kwedokhumenti Okunesizinda kuyisici sesevisi ye-IceID (cf. 3 ) kunethiwekhi ye-ION (cf. 2 ) evumela abasebenzisi ukuthi bathole amadokhumenti aqinisekiswe futhi agxivizwe ngaphakathi kwendawo. Lokhu kungafaka amadokhumenti anjengamadiploma, izitifiketi, noma imibhalo yezomthetho.

Abasebenzisi bangahambisa idokhumenti ukuze iqinisekiswe, bese idokhumenti isuke isheshiswe ngokuyimfihlo futhi igxivizwe isikhathi. I-hashi nesitembu sesikhathi kugcinwa ku-blockchain (cf. 2 ), enikeza irekhodi lobufakazi bokuthikanjani ubukhona bedokhumenti kanye nesimo endaweni ethile ngesikhathi.

Lesi sici sinikeza indlela evikelekile nesobala yokuqinisekisa amadokhumenti, ukwehlisa ingcuphe yokukhwabanisa nokuthuthukisa ukwethenjwa kumadokhumenti edijithali.

3.22. Ukubethela kabusha kommeleli

I-Proxy Re-Encryption iwuhlelo lwe-cryptographic oluvumela abasebenzisi ukuthi banikeze amalungelo okususa ukubethela kwabanye ngaphandle kokwabelana ngokhiye babo abayimfihlo. Ngomongo wesevisi ye-IceID kunethiwekhi ye-ION, lokhu kusho ukuthi abasebenzisi bangakwazi ukwabelana nabanye ngedatha ebethelwe, abangase basuse ukubethela ngaphandle kokufinyelela kukhiye oyimfihlo womsebenzisi.

Lokhu kufinyelelwa ngokusebenzisa ummeleli ongaguqula ama-ciphertext abethelwe ngaphansi kokhiye owodwa abe ama-ciphertexts abethelwe ngaphansi komunye ukhiye. Ummeleli akakwazi ukufinyelela kudatha yombhalo osobala phakathi nale nqubo, eqinisekisa ubumfihlo bedatha.

Lesi sici sihlinzeka ngendlela evikelekile nephumelelayo yokwabelana ngedatha ebethelwe, ithuthukisa ubumfihlo nokuvikeleka ohlelweni lwe-IceID.

3.23. Amamodeli Womazisi Asekelwe Kugrafu

Amamodeli Omazisi Asekelwe Kugrafu amelela ubunikazi babasebenzisi kanye nokuxhumana njengegrafu. Kusevisi ye-IceID kunethiwekhi ye-ION (cf. 2 ), lokhu kungase kuhlanganise izici zomuntu siqu zomsebenzisi, ubudlelwano babo nabanye abasebenzisi, kanye nokusebenzisana kwabo namasevisi ahlukahlukene.

Lokhu kuvezwa kwesithombe kungasiza abasebenzisi ukuthi babone ngeso lengqondo idatha yabo futhi baqonde ukuthi ixhumeke kanjani. Ingase futhi isetshenziselwe ukuhlaziya amaphethini namathrendi kudatha yomsebenzisi, inikeze imininingwane ebalulekile.

Lesi sici sithuthukisa ukuqonda komsebenzisi nokulawula idatha yabo, okwenza isistimu ye-IceID icace kakhudlwana futhi isebenziseke kalula.

3.24. Izibalo Zokugcina Ubumfihlo

I-Privacy-Preserving Analytics isici sesevisi ye-IceID kunethiwekhi ye-ION evumela abasebenzisi ukuthi bathole imininingwane kudatha yabo ngaphandle kokufaka engozini ubumfihlo (cf. 3.3) . Lokhu kufezwa ngokusebenzisa amasu afana nobumfihlo obuhlukile, obungeza umsindo kudatha ukuze kuvinjelwe ukukhonjwa kwabasebenzisi ngabanye, kanye nokubethela kwe-homomorphic, okuvumela ukubala ukuba kwenziwe kudatha ebethelwe.

Abasebenzisi bangasebenzisa lezi zibalo ukuze baqonde amathrendi namaphethini kudatha yabo, benze izinqumo ezinolwazi, futhi bathole imininingwane ngokuziphatha kwabo nalokho abakuthandayo.

Lesi sici sinikeza abasebenzisi imininingwane ebalulekile ngenkathi begcina izinga eliphezulu lobumfihlo bedatha, kuthuthukisa ukusetshenziswa nobumfihlo besistimu ye-IceID.

3.25. Ukuqinisekiswa Kwezinto Eziningi

I-Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) isilinganiso sokuphepha esidinga abasebenzisi ukuthi banikeze ngezindlela eziningi zokuhlonza ukuze baqinisekise ubunikazi babo. Kusevisi ye-IceID kunethiwekhi ye-ION (cf. 2 ), lokhu kungase kuhlanganise into umsebenzisi ayaziyo (njengephasiwedi), into ethile umsebenzisi anayo (njengethokheni ephathekayo noma idivayisi yeselula), kanye nento umsebenzisi ayiyo (njenge isici se-biometric).

I-MFA inikeza isendlalelo esengeziwe sokuphepha, okwenza kube nzima kakhulu kubasebenzisi abangagunyaziwe ukuthola ukufinyelela ku-akhawunti yomsebenzisi. Ngisho noma isici esisodwa sisengozini, umhlaseli usazodinga ukudlula ezinye izici ukuze athole ukufinyelela.

Lesi sici sithuthukisa ukuvikeleka kwesistimu ye-IceID, sinikeza abasebenzisi ukuzethemba okukhulu kubumfihlo nobuqotho bedatha yabo.

3.26. Vikela Idatha Pods

Ama-data Pods avikelekile abethelwe, izitolo zedatha yomuntu siqu abasebenzisi abangakhetha ukwabelana ngazo nezinhlelo zokusebenza namasevisi kusevisi ye-IceID kunethiwekhi ye-ION (cf. 2 ). Lawa ma-data pod aqukethe idatha yomuntu siqu yomsebenzisi, futhi abethelwe ukuze kuqinisekiswe ubumfihlo bedatha.

Abasebenzisi bangakhetha ukwabelana ngama-data pod nezinhlelo zokusebenza ezithile noma amasevisi, okubanikeze ukufinyelela kudatha abayidingayo kuyilapho begcina yonke idatha yomsebenzisi iyimfihlo.

Lesi sici sithuthukisa ubumfihlo nokulawula kwedatha, sivumela abasebenzisi ukuthi baphathe idatha yabo ngempumelelo kakhulu.

3.27. Amasevisi Ommeli Omisiwe

I-Decentralized Notary Services isici sesevisi ye-IceID kunethiwekhi ye-ION (cf. 2 ) ehlinzeka ngesevisi ye-on-chain ukwazisa amadokhumenti noma imisebenzi eboshelwe kubunikazi bomsebenzisi. Lokhu kusho ukuthi abasebenzisi bangathola amadokhumenti abo noma imisebenzi yabo yaziwe futhi iqinisekiswe ngokusemthethweni, inikeze isendlalelo sokwethenjwa nokuphepha.

Isibonelo, umsebenzisi angase asebenzise isevisi ye-notary ukuze aqinisekise inkontileka noma umsebenzi wezezimali. Isevisi ye-notary izohlinzeka ngerekhodi lobufakazi bokuphazamiseka kwedokhumenti noma umsebenzi, ongasetshenziswa njengobufakazi uma kunezingxabano.

Lesi sici sithuthukisa ukwethembeka nokuthembeka kwesistimu ye-IceID, sinikeza abasebenzisi indlela evikelekile nethembekile yokwazisa amadokhumenti abo nemisebenzi.

3.28. I-Biometric-based Recovery System

I-Biometric-based Recovery System isici sesevisi ye-IceID kunethiwekhi ye-ION (cf. 2 ) ehlinzeka ngendlela evikelekile nesebenziseka kalula yokutholwa kwe-akhawunti kusetshenziswa idatha ye-biometric. Le sistimu yakhelwe ukusiza abasebenzisi ukuthi bathole ukufinyelela ku-akhawunti yabo uma kwenzeka belahlekelwa okhiye babo abayimfihlo noma bakhohlwe iphasiwedi yabo.

Kulolu hlelo, idatha ye-biometric yomsebenzisi (njengezigxivizo zeminwe, idatha yokubonwa kobuso, noma idatha yokuqaphela izwi) isetshenziswa njengendlela yokuhlonza. Le datha igcinwa ngefomethi evikelekile nebethelwe, iqinisekisa ukuthi ayikwazi ukufinyelelwa noma isetshenziswe ngaphandle kwemvume yomsebenzisi.

Uma umsebenzisi edinga ukubuyisela i-akhawunti yakhe, angasebenzisa idatha yakhe ye-biometric ukuze aqinisekise ubunikazi bakhe. Uhlelo luzoqhathanisa idatha ye-biometric enikeziwe nedatha egciniwe. Uma idatha ifana, umsebenzisi unikezwa ukufinyelela ku-akhawunti yakhe. (Bheka futhi 3:19 )

Lolu hlelo lunikeza ibhalansi phakathi kokuphepha nokunethezeka. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, idatha ye-biometric ihlukile kumuntu ngamunye futhi kunzima ukuqamba amanga, okuyenza ibe indlela evikelekile yokuhlonza. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, idatha ye-biometric kulula ukuyinikeza futhi ayidingi ukuthi umsebenzisi akhumbule noma yini, okwenza inqubo yokutakula isebenziseke kalula.

Kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuthi ukusetshenziswa kwedatha ye-biometric yokuthola i-akhawunti kuyakhethwa futhi kusekelwe emvume yomsebenzisi. Abanye abasebenzisi bangase bangakhululeki ngokunikeza idatha yabo yebhayomethrikhi, futhi kufanele babe nokukhetha ukusebenzisa ezinye izindlela zokuthola kabusha (cf. 3.19 ).

4. I-IceConnect: Inethiwekhi Yokuhlalisana Emisiwe

4.1. Isingeniso

Esikhathini samanje sedijithali, izinkundla zokuxhumana seziyingxenye ebalulekile yokuphila kwethu kwansuku zonke, ezisixhumanisa nabangane, umndeni, kanye nomhlaba wonke. Kodwa-ke, isimo esimaphakathi sezinkundla zokuxhumana esidume kakhulu silethe inqwaba yezinkinga ezibekela inselele umongo wenkululeko yomuntu siqu kanye nobumfihlo.

4.2. I-Centralized Social Network Dilemma

4.2.1. Ubunikazi Bedatha

Ezinkundleni zokuxhumana, abasebenzisi abanabo ngempela idatha yabo. Kunalokho, igcinwa kumaseva ezinkampani, okwenza abasebenzisi babe sengcupheni yokuphulwa kwedatha kanye nokufinyelela kwedatha okungagunyaziwe.

4.2.2. Ukucwaninga

Amabhizinisi asendaweni eyodwa anamandla okulawula ukulandisa, okuholela ekulinganisweni kokuqukethwe okuchemile, ukucindezelwa kwamazwi, ngisho nokuvinjelwa okuqondile ngaphandle kwezizathu ezisobala.

4.2.3. Izinkathazo Zobumfihlo

Imisebenzi yabasebenzisi, izintandokazi, nokusebenzisana kuhlala kuqashelwe, okuholela ekukhangiseni okuhlosiwe okuhlaselayo kanye nokusetshenziswa kabi okungaba khona kolwazi lomuntu siqu.

4.2.4. Ukulawula Ukufinyelela Okunomkhawulo

Abasebenzisi banokulawula okuncane kokuthi ubani ofinyelela idatha yabo, ngezilungiselelo zobumfihlo eziyinkimbinkimbi ezivame ukudida futhi ezingasebenziseki kalula.

4.3. I-IceConnect Paradigm

4.3.1. Ukunika Amandla Umsebenzisi

Okubalulekile ku-ethos ye-IceConnect ukuqiniseka okungantengantengi kokuthi abasebenzisi bangabaphathi abafanelekile bedatha yabo. Sakhe inkundla lapho ubunikazi bedatha kungesona nje isithembiso kodwa into engokoqobo ephathekayo. Abasebenzisi abagcini nje ngokuba nedatha yabo kodwa futhi banegunya eliphelele mayelana nokufinyeleleka kwayo. Lokhu kushintsha kwepharadigm kuchaza kabusha izakhiwo zamandla, ukubeka abasebenzisi esikhundleni, kubanikeza amandla okunquma imigomo yokwabelana ngedatha yabo, ngaphandle kwemingcele kanye nokufunwa yizinkundla ezimaphakathi.

4.3.2. I-Censorship-Resistance

Esikhathini lapho amazwi evamise ukucindezelwa futhi ukulandisa kulawulwa, i-IceConnect ivela njengesibani senkulumo engahlungiwe. Izakhiwo zethu ezihlukaniselwe izwe ziqeda noma yiliphi iphuzu elilodwa legunya, liqinisekisa indawo lapho yonke indaba, wonke amazwi, ezwakala ngaphandle kwesithunzi esizayo sokucwaninga. Kuyinkundla lapho inkululeko yokukhuluma ingesona isiqubulo nje kodwa into engokoqobo ephilayo.

4.3.3. I-Garlic Routing

Ukuzibophezela kwe-IceConnect kubumfihlo babasebenzisi kudlula izinyathelo ezijwayelekile. Sihlanganise umzila kagalikhi, indlela ethuthukisiwe efaka imilayezo ngezendlalelo zokubethela eziningi, ifanekisela izendlalelo eziyinkimbinkimbi zesibani sikagalikhi. Lokhu kuqinisekisa ukuthi konke ukusebenzisana, lonke ucezu lwedatha, luhlala luvikelekile emehlweni okubuka. Ngaphandle kokuvikela idatha, le nqubo iqinisa ukungaziwa komsebenzisi, iqinisekisa ukuthi umkhondo wabo wedijithali uhlala unzima futhi uvikelekile.

4.3.4. Isiphetho

Isimo sedijithali siyathuthuka, futhi ngaso, isidingo sezinkundla ezibeka phambili ukuzimela nobumfihlo babasebenzisi. I-IceConnect akuyona nje impendulo ezinseleleni ezilethwa amanethiwekhi omphakathi aphakathi nendawo; kuwumbono wokuthi ikusasa lokusebenzelana komphakathi kufanele libe yini - ukwahlukanisa, kugxile kubasebenzisi, futhi kungabi nokugadwa nokulawula okungadingekile. Hlanganyela nathi njengoba sivula indlela yenkathi entsha yokuxhumana nabantu, lapho abasebenzisi yibona abalawulayo ngempela.

4.4. Ukuqinisekisa Umsebenzisi Nokuphathwa Kobunikazi

Emkhakheni wezinkundla ezihlukaniselwe abantu, ukuqinisekiswa komsebenzisi kanye nokuphathwa kobunikazi kumi njengezinsika ezimbili ezisekela ubuqotho nokwethembeka kohlelo (cf. 3 ). Njengoba abasebenzisi bezulazula emkhathini wedijithali, isiqinisekiso sokufinyelela okuvikelekile, esihambisana nobungcwele bobumfihlo bomuntu siqu, siba yinto engaxoxiswana nayo. I-IceConnect, ngendlela yayo emisha, inezixazululo eziklanywe ngokucophelela ezithinta le bhalansi entekenteke. Ngokuhlanganisa izindlela ezithuthukisiwe ze-cryptographic nedizayini egxile kumsebenzisi, siqinisekisa ukuthi ubunikazi bedijithali bomuntu ngamunye buvikelwe kokubili emehlweni okuhlola futhi bufinyeleleka kalula kubo (cf. 3 ). Lokhu kuzibophezela kubeka i-IceConnect endaweni ehamba phambili yokuchaza kabusha amapharadigm obunikazi bedijithali emhlabeni ohlukaniselwe amazwe.

4.5. Ukuhlanganisa ne Ice I-IceID

4.5.1. Ingenamthungo futhi Ivikelekile

Ukusebenzisana phakathi kwe-IceConnect (cf. 4 ) ne-IceID (cf. 3 ) kuwubufakazi bokuzibophezela kwethu ekwakhiweni okugxile kubasebenzisi kanye nokuphepha okuqinile. Lokhu kuhlanganiswa kunikeza abasebenzisi umuzwa wokuqinisekisa olula, osusa ubunkimbinkimbi obuvame ukuhlotshaniswa namasistimu ahlukaniselwe amazwe. Nge-IceID, abasebenzisi bethulwa kusistimu kamazisi ehlukaniselwe isizukulwane esilandelayo, lapho ukugcizelelwa kungagcini nje ekuvikelekeni okungangeneki (cf. 3.4 ) kodwa futhi nakulwazi lomsebenzisi olunembile. Lokhu kuhlanganisa kuqinisekisa ukuthi abasebenzisi bangakwazi ukuzulazula endaweni yesikhulumi kalula, beqiniseka ngolwazi lokuthi ubunikazi babo obudijithali buhlala buvikelekile ngaso sonke isikhathi.

4.5.2. I-Multi-Party Computation (MPC) Yokuphepha Kokhiye Oyimfihlo

Indlela entsha ye-IceID yokuvikela ukhiye oyimfihlo iyisisekelo ngempela (cf. 3 ). Emgogodleni wayo i-Multi-Party Computation (MPC) protocol (cf 3.6 ), indlela yokubhala esezingeni eliphezulu. Esikhundleni sokugcina ukhiye oyimfihlo womsebenzisi njengebhizinisi elilodwa, i-MPC iwuhlukanisa ube amasegimenti amaningi abethelwe, aziwa ngokuthi amasheya. Lawa masheya asatshalaliswa ngobuhlakani kunethiwekhi yonkana yamabhizinisi akhethwe ngabasebenzisi, kuqinisekisa ukuthi akukho phuzu elilodwa lokuba sengozini. Le ndlela yokulondoloza ehlukaniselwe indawo isho ukuthi ngisho noma ibhizinisi elikhohlakele lingafaka engcupheni ingxenye eyodwa, lizosala nendida engaphelele. Amandla eqiniso okhiye oyimfihlo asebunyeni bawo, futhi ngaphandle kokufinyelela kuzo zonke izingxenye zawo, abalingisi abanonya bashiywa bengenalutho. Le ndlela yokuvikela enezingqimba eziningi iqinisa idatha yomsebenzisi, ukwenziwa Ice I-IceID iyinqaba yokuvikela ubunikazi bedijithali.

4.6. Kwabahlanza Ubumfihlo: I-Nostr Identity

4.6.1. Ukungaziwa Okuphelele

Esikhathini lapho izinyathelo zedijithali zivame ukubhekisiswa, i-IceConnect inweba igatsha lomnqumo kulabo ababazisa ubumfihlo babo ngaphezu kwakho konke okunye. Kulaba bantu, sethula inketho ye-Nostr identity (cf. 4.7.7 ). Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi udala ubuwena obusha noma uhlanganisa obukhona kakade, uhlaka lwe-Nostr lufana nobumfihlo obungenakuqhathaniswa. Emgogodleni wayo, i-Nostr identity ingukhiye oyimfihlo oyimfihlo, ongenabo ubuhlobo bomuntu siqu. Lokhu kuqinisekisa ukuthi abasebenzisi bangahlanganyela, babelane, futhi baxhumane endaweni yethu, konke kuyilapho bembozwe ingubo yokungaziwa kwedijithali.

4.6.2. Imisho Ye-Mnemonic Yokubuyisela Okubalulekile

I- Nostr identity, ngenkathi inikeza izinga elingenakuqhathaniswa lobumfihlo, iza nesethi yezibopho zayo. Ngokungafani nesipiliyoni esingenamthungo nge Ice Abasebenzisi be-IceID, be-Nostr kufanele babambe iqhaza kakhulu ekulawuleni ukufinyelela kwabo. Okubalulekile kulokhu umushwana we-mnemonic—uchungechunge lwamagama asebenza njengesango eliya okhiye bawo bangasese. Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi bashintsha amadivayisi noma babuyisela i-akhawunti elahlekile, lo musho uwukhiye wabo. Kuwubufakazi bokubaluleka kwayo ukuthi sigcizelela ukugcinwa kwayo ngokuphepha. Ukubeka kabi lo musho kulingana nokulahlekelwa ubunikazi bomuntu obudijithali ku-IceConnect, isimo eseluleka ngokumelene naso ngentshiseko.

4.6.3. Isiphetho

Nge-IceConnect, siyaqonda ukuthi usayizi owodwa awulingani konke, ikakhulukazi uma kuziwa kubunikazi bedijithali. Iplatifomu yethu yakhelwe ukuba ibe i-mosaic yezinketho, ngayinye ivunyelaniswe nezinto ezithandwa ngabasebenzisi. Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi ulwazi olulula lwe-IceID (cf. 3 ) noma inqaba yobumfihlo eyi-Nostr, ukuzibophezela kwethu kuhlala kungenakunyakaziswa: ukuhlinzeka ngendawo evikelekile, egxile kumsebenzisi lapho wonke umuntu ezizwa enikezwe amandla futhi evikelekile.

4.7. I-IceConnect Nodes

Kumhlaba ohlukaniselwe indawo, amandla, ukusebenza kahle, nokuthembeka kwamanodi kudlala indima ebalulekile ekuqinisekiseni ulwazi lomsebenzisi olungenazihibe. I-IceConnect imi phambili kulesi sikhathi soguquko, yakha uhlaka lwama-node oludlula lokho obekulindelwe nezinselele ezilethwa izinkundla zokuxhumana ezisabalalise phansi. Amanodi ethu awaklanyelwe nje ukusebenza; zenzelwe ukuthi ziphumelele, ziqinisekisa ukuthi konke ukusebenzisana kwenkundla yethu kubushelelezi, kuvikelekile, futhi kuyashesha.

4.7.1. I-Robust and Scalable Architecture

Yakhelwe Ikusasa : I-IceConnect akuyona nje enye iplatifomu ehlukaniselwe amazwe; kuwumbono wekusasa lezinkundla zokuxhumana. Emgogodleni wayo, i-architecture iklanywe ngokucophelela ukuze ilindele izidingo zakusasa. Njengoba umhlaba wedijithali ukhula ngokushesha, sibona inkundla yethu isebenzela izigidigidi. Ukwamukela lesi sisekelo somsebenzisi esikhulu, indlela yethu isekelwe ekukaleni okuvundlile. Lokhu kusho ukuthi njengoba umphakathi wethu ukhula, singazikhandla ukuhlanganisa izindawo eziningi kunethiwekhi, siqinisekise ukuthi ingqalasizinda yethu ihlala iyigxathu eliphambili, ilungele ukuhlalisa wonke umsebenzisi omusha.

I-Powerhouse Node : I-node ngayinye, ngezinye izikhathi ebizwa ngokuthi i-relay, ingaphezu nje kwephoyinti ledatha kunethiwekhi yethu. Yindlu yamandla, eklanywe kusukela phansi ukuze ilawule inani elikhulu ledatha. Ngokucacile, yonke indawo eyodwa iklanyelwe ukuphatha idatha okungenani yabasebenzisi abayizigidi ezi-5. Kodwa akukhona nje ngesitoreji; lawa ma-node aphinde aqaliswe ukucubungula inani elibalulekile lezicelo njalo ngomzuzwana. Leli khono elikabili liqinisekisa ukuthi kungakhathaliseki ukuthi ukugcinwa kwedatha noma ukucubungula ngesikhathi sangempela, amanodi ethu ahlala esemsebenzini.

Ngale Kwamabhentshimakhi Amanje : Ezinkundleni zokuxhumana, amabhentshimakhi ayaqhubeka nokuvela. Nge-IceConnect, asihlosile nje ukuhlangabezana nalawa mabhentshimakhi; sihlose ukuzichaza kabusha. Isifiso sethu wukubeka izindinganiso ezintsha, siphushe imingcele yalokho okungenzeka ekuhlukaniseni amanethiwekhi. Yonke ingxenye yezakhiwo zethu, kusukela ekwakhiweni kwamanodi kuya emandleni okucubungula idatha, iwubufakazi balesi sifiso. Asisakhi nje okwanamuhla; sakhela ikusasa lapho izinkundla ezihlukanisiwe ziyinto evamile, futhi i-IceConnect ihamba phambili.

4.7.2. Ukubuyiswa Kwedatha Okushesha Kakhulu: Imininingo egciniwe yenkumbulo

Ukusebenza Okuthuthukisiwe : Emnyombweni wokudluliselwa ngakunye kukhona inhlanganisela enamandla ye-SQL engaphakathi kwimemori yolwazi lwe-Graph. Lokhu kukhetha kwamasu akusizi nje kuphela ukubuyisa idatha ngokushesha kodwa futhi kuqondisa ukucutshungulwa, kwenze ukusebenzisana komsebenzisi kushelele futhi kusebenze kahle. Uma i-node idinga ukuqalisa phansi, asikho isizathu se-alamu. Izakhiwo zethu ziqinisekisa ukuthi idatha yakhiwa kabusha ngaphandle komthungo kusukela ezakhiweni zesihlahla se-Merkle, ephakamisa izindinganiso eziphakeme kakhulu zobuqotho bedatha. Nakuba usayizi wesizindalwazi ungathonya isikhathi sokuqalisa kabusha, idizayini yethu ithuthukiswe ngokucophelela ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuthi noma isiphi isikhathi sokuphumula siyadlula. Lokhu kuzibophezela ekusheshiseni nasekuthembekeni kugcizelela ukuzinikela kwethu ekunikezeni abasebenzisi umuzwa ongaphazamiseki nophakeme.

4.7.3. Izimfuneko Zokusebenza Kwe-Node

Imfuneko Yesibambiso : Ukusebenzisa indawo ngaphakathi kwe-IceConnect ecosystem kuyisibopho esiza nesethi yayo yezibopho. Ukuqinisekisa ukuthi ama-node opharetha azinikele ngempela empumelelweni nasekuthembekeni kwenethiwekhi, kunesistimu yesibambiso. Abantu ngabanye noma amabhizinisi afisa ukusebenzisa i-node kudingeka ukuthi akhiye inani elithile Ice amathokheni kwinkontileka ehlakaniphile. Lesi sibambiso sisebenza njengokubili isithembiso sokwethembeka ezimisweni zenethiwekhi kanye nesivimbelo ezenzweni ezinonya noma zobudedengu. Uma u-opharetha we-node ephula izimiso zenethiwekhi, engaxhumekile ku-inthanethi ngaphandle kwesaziso, noma ehluleka ukugcina ubuqotho bedatha, angaba sengozini yokujeziswa. Lezi zinhlawulo zingasukela emalini edonswayo encane ukuya ekuthathweni kwalo lonke inani lesibambiso, kuye ngobubi bokwephulwa. Lolu hlelo aluqinisekisi ukuziphendulela kuphela kodwa futhi lufaka ukwethembana phakathi kwabasebenzisi, ukwazi ukuthi ama-node opharetha anesandla esibalulekile empumelelweni yesikhulumi.

Ukucaciswa kwezingxenyekazi zekhompuyutha : Ukugcina ubuqotho, isivinini, nokwethembeka kweplathifomu ye-IceConnect, kubalulekile ukuthi ama-node abambelele kuzingxenyekazi zekhompuyutha ezithile kanye nezidingo zesizinda. Lawa mazinga aqinisekisa ukuthi inethiwekhi ihlala iqinile, isebenza kahle, futhi ikwazi ukuletha umuzwa ongenazihibe kubasebenzisi bayo.

  • Imininingwane ye-Hardware: Isisekelo sanoma iyiphi inethiwekhi eqinile sisemandleni amanodi ayo. Nge-IceConnect, lokhu kusho ukuthi indawo ngayinye kufanele ifakwe:
    • I-RAM : Ubuncane obungu-64GB ukuphatha izinqubo eziningi kahle.
    • Isitoreji : Okungenani u-5TB wesitoreji se-SSD/NVMe Hard Drive ukuze kufakwe inani elikhulu ledatha.
    • I-CPU : Iphrosesa enamandla enama-Core angu-16/32 Imicu yokuqinisekisa ukucutshungulwa kwedatha okusheshayo.
    • Inethiwekhi : Uxhumano lwenethiwekhi lwe-1Gbps lokudluliswa kwedatha okusheshayo kanye nokubambezeleka okuncishisiwe.

Lezi zidingo zezingxenyekazi zekhompuyutha zikhethwe ngokucophelela ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuthi inkundla ye-IceConnect isebenza ngokuphezulu, inikeze abasebenzisi umuzwa oshelelayo nophendulayo.

  • Izidingo Zesizinda: Ngale kwezingxenyekazi zekhompiyutha, kunezimfuneko ezithile ezihlobene nesizinda zabasebenza ngamanodi:
    • Ubunikazi Besizinda : Abaqhubi be-Node kumele babe ne-“. ice ” isizinda. Lesi sizinda sisebenza njengesihlonzi esiyingqayizivele futhi siqinisekisa umhlangano wokuqamba amagama ojwayelekile kuyo yonke inethiwekhi.
    • Isizinda Esisesidlangalaleni esine-SSL : Abasebenzisi kufanele futhi babe nesizinda somphakathi esine-SSL enikwe amandla. Lesi sizinda kufanele sibheke ku-IceNet node (cf. 5 ). Okubalulekile, akumele ikhombe ngqo ku-IceConnect relay. Ukusetshenziswa kwe-SSL kuqinisekisa ukuxhumana okuphephile nokubethelwe, kuvikela ubuqotho bedatha kanye nobumfihlo bomsebenzisi.

Empeleni, lezi zincazelo zingaphezu nje kweziqondiso; bazibophezele ekwenzeni okuhle. Ngokunamathela kulawa mazinga, ama-node opharetha awagcini nje ngokuqinisekisa ukusebenza kahle kwama-node kodwa futhi afaka isandla empilweni kanye nokusebenza kahle kwesikhulumi se-IceConnect.

4.7.4. I-Node Failover Mechanism

Ukuqapha Okusebenzayo kanye Nempendulo Enamandla : Esimeni lapho indawo ingafinyeleleki, amanodi asele kunethiwekhi athatha isinyathelo esisheshayo. Bacela inkontileka ehlakaniphile, ebonisa inethiwekhi mayelana nokucisha kwendawo. Njengempendulo eqondile, uhlu lwe-node yomsebenzisi lubuyekezwa ngokuzenzakalelayo, ngaphandle kwesikhashana indawo engafinyeleleki ukuze kuqinisekiswe ulwazi lomsebenzisi oluqhubekayo futhi olungenazihibe.

Ukuqina Kwenethiwekhi Ngama-Standby Nodes : Izakhiwo ze-IceConnect zakhelwe ukuqina. Ezimeni lapho amanodi amaningi ebhekana nokuphazamiseka ngesikhathi esisodwa, isistimu yethu yenza kusebenze izindawo ezilindile. Lawa ma-node alindile ayangena ukuze kugcinwe okungenani ama-node okusebenza angu-5, okugcina ukuqina kwenethiwekhi. Uma ama-node athintekile esebuyile ku-inthanethi futhi abonisa amahora angu-12 okusebenza okufanayo, ama-node alindile ahlehla kahle, okuvumela inethiwekhi ukuthi ibuyele esimweni sayo esifanele. Le ndlela eguquguqukayo iqinisekisa ukuthi abasebenzisi bahlale befinyelela inkundla ezinzile nethembekile.

Inethiwekhi Yokuphepha Yenethiwekhi : Amanodi alindile adlala indima ebalulekile ekuzibophezeleni kwe-IceConnect kusevisi engaphazamiseki. Lawa ma-node ahlala engenazo izinsiza, ahlale elindile ukuze angene phakathi nokuphazamiseka obekungalindelekile. Uma i-node engafinyeleleki ihluleka ukubuya phakathi nenkathi yomusa yezinsuku ezingu-7, inodi yokulinda ithatha indawo yayo kalula, iqinisekisa ukuqina kwenethiwekhi. Ukuze kukhuthazwe ukutholakala nokulungela kwalawa ma-node alindile, aklonyeliswa ngokulinganayo kumanodi asebenzayo. Le modeli yesinxephezelo iqinisekisa ukuthi kuhlale kunenetha yokuphepha yamanodi alindile, alungele ukusekela ubuqotho benethiwekhi nolwazi lomsebenzisi.

Ukuphathwa Kwezinsiza kanye Nokusabalalisa Kabusha Okunamandla : Amanodi e-IceConnect aklanyelwe ukugcina amazinga okusebenza alungile. Uma izinsiza ze-node zisondela ekusetshenzisweni okungama-80%, ixhumana nenethiwekhi ngokuqhubekayo. Ukusabela, isistimu iqala inqubo yokusabalalisa kabusha idatha ngokuzenzakalelayo, idlulisela idatha kwamanye ama-node kuze kube yilapho ukusetshenziswa kwensiza ye-stressed node kwehla kuya ku-60%. Lokhu kulungiswa okuguquguqukayo kuqinisekisa isevisi engaphazamiseki nokusebenza okuphezulu. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ama-node opharetha anekhono lokuthuthukisa izindawo zawo ngezinsiza ezengeziwe, okubavumela ukuthi babhekane kusengaphambili nezingqinamba ezingaba khona zezinsiza ngaphambi kokuba kufinyelelwe umkhawulo ongu-80%. Le ndlela esebenzayo neguquguqukayo igcizelela ukuzibophezela kwe-IceConnect ekuletheni ulwazi lomsebenzisi olungenazihibe.

4.7.5. Ukuphikelela Kwedatha Yomsebenzisi Nobuqotho

Ukutholakala Kwedatha Okuqinisekisiwe : Emhlabeni ohlukaniselwe amazwe, ukutholakala kwedatha kuyisisekelo sokuthenjwa komsebenzisi. I-Traditional Nostr relay kwesinye isikhathi ibhekana nezinkinga zokuphikelela kwedatha, kodwa i-IceConnect yakhelwe ukugwema ukukhathazeka okunjalo. Senze iphrothokholi eqinisekisa ukuthi yonke idatha yomsebenzisi igcinwa ngokunganaki endaweni okungenani eyisikhombisa. Lokhu kuphelelwa umsebenzi kuqinisekisa ukuthi ngisho noma i-node inquma ukuyeka idatha ethile noma ibhekane nezinkinga ezingalindelekile, inethiwekhi iyangena ngokuzenzakalelayo, ithuthela idatha ethintekile kwenye indawo yokusebenza. Le ndlela yokuzenzakalela yokuhluleka iqinisekisa ukuthi abasebenzisi abalokothi bahlangabezane nokungatholakali kwedatha.

I-Byzantine Fault Tolerance ne-Merkle Trees : Imvelo yokwahlukaniswa kwe-IceConnect idinga indlela eqinile yokugcina ukuhambisana kwedatha kuwo wonke ama-node. Ukuze sibhekane nalokhu, sihlanganise i-algorithm yokuvumelana okubekezelela iphutha yaseByzantine. Le algorithm iqinisekisa ukuthi ngisho nalapho kukhona ama-node anonya noma angasebenzi kahle, ubuqotho benethiwekhi buhlala bungenakulinganiswa. Ngaphezu kwalokho, sisebenzisa izakhiwo zedatha yesihlahla se-Merkle, ezinikeza isifinyezo esihlangene, se-cryptographic sayo yonke imisebenzi yokubhala komsebenzisi. Lezi zihlahla zinika amandla inethiwekhi ukuthi ibone ngokushesha futhi ilungise noma yikuphi ukushayisana kwedatha kuwo wonke ama-node, iqinisekisa ukuthi bonke abasebenzisi banokufinyelela okungaguquki nokunembile kudatha yabo ngaso sonke isikhathi.

4.7.6. Isitoreji Esimisiwe: I-Paradigm Shift Ekuphathweni Kwedatha

Ukusingathwa Kwamafayela Emidiya nge-IceVault : Esikhathini samanje sedijithali, amafayela emidiya akha ingxenye ebalulekile yokusebenzelana ku-inthanethi. Iqaphela lokhu, i-IceConnect ihlanganiswe ngaphandle komthungo ne-IceVault (cf. 6 ), isixazululo esikhethekile sokulondoloza esiklanyelwe ukusingatha amafayela emidiya njengezithombe, amavidiyo, umsindo, njll. Lokhu kuhlanganiswa kuqinisekisa ukuthi nakuba okuqukethwe kwemidiya kujabulela izinzuzo zokusabalalisa ngokunwetshiwe, okuyisisekelo. idatha yezenhlalo yabasebenzisi - okuthunyelwe kwabo, imilayezo, nokusebenzisana - kuhlala kubambelele ngokuvikelekile kumaNode e-IceConnect azinikele, okuqinisekisa ukusebenza okuphezulu nobuqotho bedatha.

Isitoreji Esingenakuguquleka Esinokwengamela : Ipharadigm yesitoreji esesandleni inikeza inzuzo eyingqayizivele: ukungaguquki. Uma ifayela lemidiya seligcinwe ku-IceVault (cf. 6 ), liba elingaguquleki, okusho ukuthi alinakushintshwa noma lonakaliswe, ukuqinisekisa ubuqotho bedatha obungenakuqhathaniswa. Nokho, ngamandla amakhulu kuza umthwalo omkhulu. Ukuze kubhekwane nokukhathazeka okuhlobene nokuqukethwe okungekho emthethweni noma okulimazayo, i-IceConnect isungule inhlangano yokulinganisela okuqukethwe ehlukaniselwe izwe. Le nhlangano, ehlanganisa amalungu athenjiwe, isebenza ngemodeli eqhutshwa ngokuvumelana. Lapho ethola imibiko yokwephulwa kokuqukethwe, amalungu angavota ngokuhlanganyela ukuze asuse okuqukethwe okwephula izinkombandlela zenkundla, enze ibhalansi phakathi kwenkululeko yomsebenzisi nokuphepha kwenkundla.

I-Quantum-Resistant Encryption : Ezweni elihlala livela le-cybersecurity, i-IceConnect iseyisinyathelo esingaphambili. Yonke idatha yomsebenzisi ebucayi egcinwe ku-IceVault ibethelwe kusetshenziswa i-algorithm yesimanjemanje yokumelana ne-quantum (cf. 6.2 ). Le ndlela yokucabanga phambili iqinisekisa ukuthi noma ubuchwepheshe bekhompuyutha be-quantum buvela, idatha yomsebenzisi ihlala ingenakuvinjelwa emizamweni yokususa ukubethela, ivikela ubumfihlo bomsebenzisi iminyaka eminingi ezayo.

Ukufinyeleleka Komhlaba Wonke : Ubuhle besitoreji esihlukaniselwe izwe bulele esimweni saso esingenamngcele. Nge-IceVault, okuqukethwe okusesidlangalaleni njengezithombe namavidiyo kugcinwa kunethiwekhi yomhlaba wonke yamanodi (cf. 6.4 ). Lokhu kuqinisekisa ukuthi umsebenzisi wase-Tokyo angakwazi ukufinyelela okuqukethwe ngokushesha njengomuntu ose-New York, okuhlinzeka ngolwazi olunzulu ngomsebenzisi olungenazihibe ngempela, olukhululekile emikhawulweni yokuqukethwe kwesifunda noma izikhathi zokunciphisa iseva zasendaweni.

I-Adaptive Network Scaling : Umhlaba wedijithali uyashintshashintsha, ngezinkundla ezifakaza ukukhula okukhulu kumafreyimu wesikhathi esifushane. Ingqalasizinda yokugcina ye-IceConnect yakhelwe ukuthuthuka okunjalo. (cf. 6.1 , 6.3 ) Njengoba inkundla idonsa abasebenzisi abaningi, inethiwekhi yesitoreji ithola ukukala okuvundlile, yengeza ama-node engeziwe ukuze ihambisane nokungena. Le ndlela yokwenza izinto iqinisekisa ukuthi noma ngabe isisekelo somsebenzisi siphindaphindeka, ukusebenza kwenkundla kuhlala kufana, kuletha okuhlangenwe nakho komsebenzisi okusezingeni eliphezulu ngaphandle kokuhixaka.

4.7.7. Ukuphatheka Kwedatha Yomsebenzisi

Ukunika Abasebenzisi Amandla : Enhliziyweni ye-IceConnect's ethos ukuhlonyiswa kwabasebenzisi bayo. Ngokubona imvelo eguquguqukayo yomhlaba wedijithali, siqinisekise ukuthi abasebenzisi ababoshwa neze yizithiyo uma kuziwa kudatha yabo. Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi bafisa ukuhlola izinkundla ezintsha noma bamane bafise ushintsho kokuncamelayo kwenodi, abasebenzisi banenkululeko yokuthutha idatha yabo ngaphandle komthungo. Lokhu kuvumelana nezimo kudlulela ngalé kwe- Ice i-ecosystem, evumela abasebenzisi ukuthi badlulisele idatha yabo kunoma iyiphi inkundla ehambisana ne-Nostr (cf 4.6.1 ). Ngaphakathi kwe Ice inethiwekhi, abasebenzisi bangakwazi ukushintsha idatha yabo kalula phakathi kwamanodi, baqinisekise ukuthi bahlala bejabulela ukuxhumana okungcono kakhulu nokufinyelela kokuqukethwe kwabo ababathandayo.

Inguquko Engenazihibe : Inqubo yokudluliswa kwedatha, noma ngabe ingaphakathi kwe- Ice inethiwekhi noma i-Nostr relay yangaphandle (cf. 4.7.8 ), yakhelwe ukuthi ishelele futhi ingabi nankinga. Isistimu yethu iqinisekisa ubuqotho bedatha ngesikhathi sokudlulisa, iqinisekisa ukuthi ayikho idatha elahlekile noma eyonakele. Abasebenzisi bangaqiniseka ukuthi izinkumbulo zabo, ukuxhumana, nokuqukethwe kuhlala kunjalo, noma ngabe bakhetha ukukusingatha kuphi.

Isiphetho : Ukuzibophezela kwe-IceConnect ekuphatheni kwedatha yomsebenzisi kuwukubonakaliswa kombono wethu obanzi: umhlaba wedijithali lapho abasebenzisi yibona abalawulayo ngempela. Ngokuhlinzeka ngamathuluzi nengqalasizinda yokuthuthwa kwedatha okungenazihibe, asakhi nje inkundla; silwela umnyakazo. Umnyakazo lapho abasebenzisi bekhululekile emikhawulweni, lapho besho khona imigomo yobukhona babo bedijithali, nalapho idatha yabo ingeyabo ngempela. Hlanganyela nathi kulokhu kuguquguquka, lapho ikusasa lezinkundla zokuxhumana lisatshalaliswa, lilawulwa ngentando yeningi, futhi ligxile kakhulu kubasebenzisi.

4.7.8. Ukusebenzisana: Ukuhlanganisa i- Ice I-Ecosystem ene-Wider Nostr Network

Ukuhlanganiswa Okungenamthungo Ne-Nostr Relays : I-IceConnect akuyona nje enye i-node kunethiwekhi enkulu ye-Nostr; yibhuloho elixhumanisa i- Ice I-ecosystem ene-Nostr landscape ebanzi. Ngokuqinisekisa ukusebenzisana okugcwele nokunye ukudluliselwa kwe-Nostr, sidala inkundla lapho abasebenzisi bengashintsha khona kalula phakathi kwezinhlelo zemvelo ezihlukene ngaphandle kokungqubuzana. Lokhu kusebenzisana kuwubufakazi bombono wethu womhlaba obumbene, ohlukaniselwe indawo lapho amapulatifomu ahlala ndawonye ngokuvumelana.

Ukusingathwa Kwedatha Okuvumelana Nezimo : Inkululeko yangempela endaweni yedijithali isho ukuba namandla okunquma ukuthi idatha yakho ihlala kuphi. I-IceConnect inqoba le nkululeko ngokunikeza abasebenzisi ukuguquguquka okungenakuqhathaniswa ekusingatheni idatha. Ukuthi ingenisa idatha isuka kwenye i-Nostr relay noma iyikhiphela ngaphandle Ice I-Ecosystem, inkundla yethu iqinisekisa ukuzizwisa okubushelelezi, okungenazinkinga. Lokhu kuzibophezela ekuguquguqukeni kuyisisekelo sendlela yethu egxile kubasebenzisi, egcizelela ukukholelwa kwethu ebukhosini bedatha.

Ukuxhumana Okungavinjelwe : Esikhathini sokuhwebelana kwembulunga yonke, ukuxhumana akufanele kube nemingcele. I-IceConnect ihlanganisa le filosofi ngokwenza ukuxhumana okungakhawulelwe kunethiwekhi yonkana ye-Nostr. Ukuthi uxhumana nomuntu ngaphakathi Ice I-Ecosystem noma ukufinyelela kumsebenzisi ku-Nostr Relay yangaphandle, ukuzizwisa kukhululekile. Lokhu kuqinisekisa ukuthi imingcele yendawo kanye nenkundla ethize ayivimbeli ukugeleza kwamahhala kolwazi nemibono.

Ukusebenzisana Kwe-Cross-Platform : Ukusebenzisana akukhona nje kubasebenzisi abangabodwana; futhi imayelana nokukhuthaza ukusebenzisana phakathi kwezinkundla ezahlukene. Izakhiwo ze-IceConnect ziklanyelwe ukusiza ukuhlanganiswa kwezingxenyekazi ezihlukene, okuvumela amaphrojekthi okubambisana nezinhlelo ezithinta ukudluliselwa kwe-Nostr okuningi. Lokhu kuvula indlela yobudlelwano obusha kanye namabhizinisi ahlanganyelwe, okuqhubeka nokucebisa indawo yokuxhumana nabantu ehlukaniselwe indawo.

Isiphetho : Ukusebenzisana kungaphezu nje kwesici sobuchwepheshe; kuyifilosofi eshayela i-IceConnect. Ngokuqinisekisa ukuhlanganiswa okungenazihibe nenethiwekhi ebanzi ye-Nostr, silwela umbono womhlaba wedijithali oxhumene, obandakanyayo, futhi ongenamingcele. Hlanganyela nathi kulolu hambo njengoba sichaza kabusha imingcele yenethiwekhi yokuxhumana nabantu ehlukaniselwe izwe, siyenze ivuleke kakhulu, ihlanganiswe, futhi igxile kubasebenzisi kunangaphambili.

4.7.9. I-Next Horizon: I-IceConnect's Quantum-Secure Messaging Protocols

Emkhakheni wokuxhumana okwabiwe, ukubaluleka kobumfihlo nokuvikeleka angeke kugcizelelwe. Nakuba u-Nostr ebeke isisekelo esiqinile sokudluliselwa komlayezo ohlukaniselwe izwe, kukhona igebe ekunikezeni kwayo, ikakhulukazi mayelana nezingxoxo ezizimele zomuntu siqu neqembu zombili eziyimfihlo ngokugcwele futhi zimelana nokuvuza kwemethadatha. Iqaphela lokhu kungenalutho, i-IceConnect iphayona ngokuthuthukiswa kwama-NIP wemiyalezo yangokwezifiso (Nostr Improvement Proposals) enzelwe ukubhekana nalezi zidingo ezithile.

Izingxoxo Eziyimfihlo Ngokuvikeleka Okuthuthukisiwe Nokulinganisela : Izinkundla zendabuko ezifana Telegram noma Isiginali inezici ezimaphakathi, okuyenza ibe sengcupheni yokuphulwa noma ukuvala shaqa okungaba khona. I-DeSocial, isebenzisa imvelo yokwahlukaniswa kwe-ION Private Network, ihlose ukweqa le mikhawulo. Ama-NIP ethu angokwezifiso aklanyelwe ukwenza izingxoxo eziyimfihlo zomuntu ngamunye neqembu ngezinketho zomongameli ezithuthukile. Lezi zingxoxo azizona nje eziyimfihlo ngomqondo ojwayelekile; zakhiwe ngokucophelela ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuthi ayikho imethadatha eputshukayo phakathi nokuxhumana. Yonke ingxenye yengxoxo, kusukela kubahlanganyeli kuya kuzitembu zesikhathi, ihlala iyimfihlo, iqinisekisa indawo yengxoxo eyimfihlo ngempela.

I-Cryptography Engazweli I-Quantum : Ezweni elihlala lishintsha lokuvikeleka kwe-inthanethi, i-quantum computing ibeka usongo olukhulu kuma-algorithms wokubethela wakudala. Ukuze uhlale uphambi kwezinsongo zesikhathi esizayo ezingase zibe khona, yonke imilayezo engaphakathi kwe-ecosystem ye-DeSocial ibethelwa kusetshenziswa ama-algorithms we-cryptography amelana ne-quantum. Lokhu kuqinisekisa ukuthi ukuxhumana kwethu kuhlala kuvikelekile hhayi nje ezinsongweni zanamuhla kodwa nasezinsongweni ezithuthuke kakhulu zakusasa. (cf. 4.7.6 , 3.4 , 6.2 )

Ukusebenzisana Nokudlulisa Okukhona Kwe-Nostr : Ukusebenzisana kuyisisekelo sezinhlelo ezihlukaniselwe amazwe. Ngokuqonda lokhu, i-IceConnect node nohlelo lokusebenza lweklayenti yakhelwe ukusekela imiyalezo ekhona kakade ye-Nostr NIP. Lokhu kuqinisekisa ukuxhumana okungenazihibe kunethiwekhi yonkana ye-Nostr, okuthuthukisa isistimu yokuxhumana ehlukaniswe futhi ehlangene. Nokho, kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuthi nakuba sisekela ama-Nostr NIP akhona ukuze asebenzisane kabanzi, yonke imilayezo ngaphakathi kwethu. Ice I-Ecosystem noma ekusakazweni kwe-Nostr yangaphandle ehlanganise ama-NIP ethu angokwezifiso izosebenzisa izivumelwano zethu ezithuthukisiwe ezigxile kubumfihlo. Le ndlela ekabili iqinisekisa ukuthi abasebenzisi bathola okungcono kakhulu kuyo yomibili imihlaba: ukufinyelela okusabalele kwe-Nostr nezici zobumfihlo ezithuthukisiwe ze-IceConnect.

Sengiphetha, ama-NIP emiyalezo yangokwezifiso e-IceConnect awawona nje ukuthuthukiswa okwandayo kunemithetho ekhona; zimelela ukushintsha kwepharadigm endleleni ukuxhumana okunwetshiwe okungasakazeka ngayo futhi kugxile ekuyimfihlo. Ngokuvala izikhala ohlelweni lwamanje lwe-Nostr kanye nokwethula ukubethela okungazweli kwe-quantum, i-IceConnect isilungele ukuchaza kabusha izindinganiso zokuxhumana ezinwetshiwe.

4.7.10. I-IceConnect Client App: Iguqula Isipiliyoni Somsebenzisi

Isipiliyoni Esihlanganisiwe Kuwo Wonke Amapulatifomu : Emnyombweni we Ice I-Ecosystem yiyona Ice Iklayenti, ubufakazi bokuzibophezela kwethu ekunikezeni ulwazi lomsebenzisi olungenazihibe. Yakhiwe ngokucophelela kusetshenziswa i-Flutter, i Ice Iklayenti liziqhayisa nge-codebase eyodwa evumelana kalula nezinkundla eziningi. Noma ngabe ukuselula, ideskithophu, noma iwebhu, i Ice Iklayenti liqinisekisa ukuzizwisa okungaguquki nokunembile, lisusa ukungezwani okuvame ukutholakala lapho kushintsha phakathi kwamadivayisi.

Ukudala Uhlelo Lokusebenza Lwe-Democratizing Ngomakhi Wohlelo Lokusebenza : Emizamweni yethu yokwandisa Ice I-Ecosystem futhi ikhuthaza inkundla eqhutshwa umphakathi, sethula isici esiguquguqukayo esithi "App Builder". Lokhu kusebenza okubalulekile kwenzelwe wonke umuntu, kusukela kwabathandi bezobuchwepheshe kuye kubantu abangenalo isizinda sokubhala amakhodi. Ngomakhi Wohlelo Lokusebenza, ukwakha Uhlelo Lokusebenza Lweklayenti olungokwezifiso kulula njengokukhetha enqwaba yamawijethi aklanywe kusengaphambili aklanywe ithimba lethu lochwepheshe noma umphakathi.

Ukwenza Ibhrendi Okuthandwa Nguwe kanye Nesitayela : Amandla okuchaza ubunikazi bomkhiqizo wakho manje asesandleni sakho. I-App Builder inikezela ngohlu lwezinketho zokwenza ngendlela oyifisayo, okuvumela abasebenzisi ukuthi bathunge izitayela zombhalo, bachaze imibala eyinhloko, balungise ama-offset aseceleni kwesikrini, nokunye okuningi. Lokhu kuqinisekisa ukuthi uhlelo lokusebenza ngalunye luhambisana nezimiso zomkhiqizo kanye nobuhle.

Ukwakha Izifanekiso Zohlelo Lokusebenza Ezihlukile : Ngaphandle kokwenza ngokwezifiso, Isakhi Sohlelo Lokusebenza sinikeza abasebenzisi amandla okudala izifanekiso zohlelo lokusebenza ezihlukile. Ngokuhlanganisa izitayela zohlelo lokusebenza ezikhethiwe, izitayela zombhalo, nokuhluka kwewijethi, abasebenzisi bangakwazi ukwenza isifanekiso esiyingqayizivele esivelele. Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi ucabanga ukudala uhlelo lokusebenza lwenethiwekhi yokuxhumana nabantu, inkundla yezingxoxo, noma isikhwama semali esidijithali, amathuba awapheli. Futhi ingxenye engcono kakhulu? Ungakwazi ukwenza umbono wakho uphile ngaphansi kwehora, ngaphandle kolwazi lokubhala amakhodi oludingekayo.

Indawo Yemakethe Yewijethi : Ibhekwa njengehabhu elisebenzayo lokusungula, Indawo Yemakethe Yewijethi ingaphezu nje kwenqolobane; inkundla eqhutshwa umphakathi. Onjiniyela, kusukela kwabaqalayo ukuya kochwepheshe, bangaklama amawijethi aqanjwe ngendlela ehlukahlukene kanye nobuhle. Ngemva kokuhlolwa kwekhwalithi okuqinile ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukusebenza okuphelele nolwazi lomsebenzisi, lawa mawijethi enziwa atholakale emphakathini obanzi. Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi kuthengiswa ngemali ekhokhwayo noma kwabelwana ngokukhululeka, indawo yemakethe yenza idizayini yohlelo lokusebenza ngentando yeningi, ivumela ngisho nalabo abangenalo isizinda sobuchwepheshe ukuthi bazuze kulwazi lonjiniyela abangomakadebona. Izilinganiso, ukubuyekezwa, namaphrofayela kanjiniyela athuthukisa ngokwengeziwe indawo yemakethe, aqondise abasebenzisi ekukhetheni kwabo amawijethi futhi akhuthaze umuzwa wokwethembana nomphakathi.

Imodi yokuhlola kuqala okubukhoma : Ingqikithi yomklamo ilele ekuphindaphindeni, futhi Imodi Yokuhlola Kubukhoma Bukhoma iwubufakazi baleyo filosofi. Njengoba abasebenzisi bazulazula Kumakhi Wohlelo Lokusebenza, belungisa ukubekwa kwewijethi, ukulungisa izikimu zombala, noma ukuhlola izakhiwo, imodi yokubuka kuqala ebukhoma isebenza njengesibuko sesikhathi sangempela, esibonisa lonke ushintsho. Le luphu yempendulo eguquguqukayo iqeda ukuqagela, iqinisekisa ukuthi abasebenzisi bangabona umphumela wokugcina kuzo zonke izinyathelo zenqubo yokuklama. Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi kuwushintsho olucashile kusayizi wefonti noma ukulungiswa okuphelele kwesakhiwo, abasebenzisi banikwa amandla ngempendulo ebonakalayo esheshayo. Lokhu akugcini nje ngokulula inqubo yokuklama kodwa futhi kufaka ukuzethemba, kuqinisekisa ukuthi umkhiqizo wokugcina uhambisana kahle nombono womsebenzisi.

Ideshibhodi Yezibalo Ezihlanganisiwe Ezigxile Kubumfihlo : Eminyakeni yokwenza izinqumo eziqhutshwa idatha, ukuqonda ukuziphatha komsebenzisi kubaluleke kakhulu. Kodwa-ke, i-IceConnect ibeka phambili ubumfihlo bomsebenzisi ngaphezu kwakho konke. Ideshibhodi Yezibalo Ezihlanganisiwe iklanywe ngokucophelela ukuze ifinyelele ibhalansi phakathi kokunikeza abadali bohlelo lokusebenza imininingwane enengqondo nokuvikela idatha yomsebenzisi. Nakuba abadali bohlelo lokusebenza bengathola imininingwane ngokuziphatha komsebenzisi, isici sokuduma, namamethrikhi okusebenza kohlelo lokusebenza, yonke idatha ethulwayo ibaliwe futhi yenziwe ingaziwa. Ayikho idatha yomsebenzisi ngamunye eke ivezwe. Lokhu kuqinisekisa ukuthi nakuba abadali bohlelo lokusebenza banamathuluzi okwenza ngcono futhi bathuthukise izinhlelo zabo zokusebenza, ubumfihlo babasebenzisi buhlala bungonakalisiwe.

Amaphekhi Etimu Aqokelwe Umphakathi : I-aesthetics ibalulekile, futhi ngokwethulwa kwamaphekhi etimu, ukwenza ngokwezifiso uhlelo lokusebenza kufinyelela phezulu. Lawa maphekhi, acushwe futhi aklanywa umphakathi we-IceConnect onempilo, anikeza inqwaba yezinketho zokuklama. Kusukela kumiklamo elula ye-minimalistic kuya kwenamandla ne-eclectic, kunetimu yakho konke ukunambitheka. Iphakethe ngalinye liyinhlanganisela evumelanayo yemibala, amafonti, nezitayela zewijethi, eqinisekisa ukubukeka okuhambisanayo nokupholishiwe. Abasebenzisi bangaphequlula, bahlole kuqala, futhi basebenzise latimu kalula, baguqule ukubukeka kohlelo lwabo lokusebenza ngesikhashana nje.

Ukuhlela Isifanekiso Esivumelana Nezinguqulo : Ukuvumelana nezimo kuwumongo wefilosofi yokuklama ye-IceConnect. Ngokubona ukuthi idizayini idinga ukuvela, abasebenzisi bahlonyiswe ngamathuluzi okuhlela izifanekiso ezikhona kalula. Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi i-tweak encane noma ukulungiswa kwedizayini enkulu, inqubo inembile futhi isebenziseka kalula. Kodwa okwenza inkundla ihluke ngempela isici sayo sokuhumusha. Lonke ushintsho olwenziwe kusifanekiso lulogwa ngokucophelela, kudala umlando wenguqulo. Uma umsebenzisi efisa ukubuyela ekuphindaphindweni komklamo wangaphambilini, angakwenza lokho ngokuchofoza okulula. Lo mlando wokwenza izinguqulo awusebenzi nje njengenethi yokuphepha kuphela kodwa futhi uhlinzeka ngombono wokulandelana kwezikhathi zokuvela kwedizayini, okhuthaza ukusungula ngenkathi uqinisekisa ukuthula kwengqondo.

Ukuhlanganiswa Okungenamthungo Ngama-API Angaphandle : Kumhlaba wedijithali oxhumene wanamuhla, ikhono lokusebenzisa idatha yangaphandle kanye nokusebenza kungasiphakamisa kakhulu isiphakamiso senani lohlelo lokusebenza. Uhlelo lokusebenza lweklayenti le-IceConnect lufakwe isixhumi esibonakalayo esisebenziseka kalula esiklanyelwe ukuhlanganisa ama-API ezinkampani zangaphandle. Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi idonsa idatha yesimo sezulu yesikhathi sangempela, noma ihlanganisa amasango okukhokha, inqubo ilula futhi inembile. Abadali bohlelo lokusebenza bangakwazi ukuhlanganisa lezi zinhlelo zokusebenza zangaphandle, baguqule izinhlelo zabo zokusebenza zibe izinkundla eziguqukayo ezinikeza izici ezicebile nedatha. Ngaphezu kwalokho, inqubo yokuhlanganisa iqiniswa ngezinyathelo zokuphepha, okuqinisekisa ukuthi ukushintshaniswa kwedatha kuvikelekile futhi ubumfihlo buyagcinwa.

Amathuluzi Okwenza Kwasendaweni Okuphelele kanye Namathuluzi Okuhumusha : Esikhathini sokuhwebelana kwembulunga yonke, ulimi akufanele nanini lube isithiyo. Ibona ukubaluleka kokubandakanywa, i-IceConnect ishumeke indlela yokuhumusha eqinile ngaphakathi kwamawijethi ayo. Yonke iwijethi ihunyushwa kusengaphambili ngezilimi ezingu-50, okuqinisekisa ukuthi abadali bohlelo lokusebenza bangakwazi ukubhekelela izethameli ezihlukahlukene nezisemhlabeni wonke zisuka nje. Kodwa akukhona nje ukuhumusha; amathuluzi aphinde abhekele ukuhluka kwamasiko nezisho zendawo, okuqinisekisa ukuthi okuqukethwe kuhambisana ngokweqiniso nabasebenzisi abavela ezifundeni ezihlukene. Lokhu kuzibophezela ekwenzeni okwasendaweni kunikeza abadali bohlelo lokusebenza amandla okuya emhlabeni wonke, okhuthaza ukuxhumana nokuzibandakanya kuyo yonke imingcele yezilimi nezamasiko.

Isiphetho : I-IceConnect Client App ayilona nje ithuluzi; iwuseyili lapho amaphupho eshintsha abe ngokoqobo. Ngokunikeza ukuguquguquka okungenakuqhathaniswa nezici ezigxile kumsebenzisi, sichaza kabusha imingcele yokudalwa kohlelo lokusebenza nokwenza ngendlela oyifisayo. Joyina i- Ice I-ecosystem futhi ujabulele ikusasa lokuthuthukiswa kohlelo lokusebenza oluhlukaniselwe izwe, lapho umcabango wakho uwukuphela komkhawulo.

5. I-IceNet: Ummeleli Omisiwe kanye Nenethiwekhi Yokulethwa Kokuqukethwe

5.1. Isingeniso

Esimeni esiguqukayo njalo sokuxhumana kwedijithali, isidingo sejubane, ukusebenza kahle, nokuvikeleka kubaluleke kakhulu. I-IceNet, isixazululo esibalulekile, ivala igebe phakathi kwezimiso zokuziphatha ezihlukaniselwe amazwe kanye nokusebenza kahle okuphakathi nendawo abasebenzisi asebekujwayele. Yakhela phezu kwesisekelo esiqinile se-TON Ummeleli, i-IceNet yethula ukusebenza okuthuthukisiwe okubeka kuqala isivinini sokulethwa kokuqukethwe ngaphandle kokuphazamisa izimiso zokwahlukanisa. Ngokufaka kunqolobane okuqukethwe okusesidlangalaleni okufana nezithombe, amavidiyo, nemibhalo, i-IceNet iqinisekisa ukuthi abasebenzisi bahlangabezana nokushesha kwamasistimu amaphakathi ngenkathi bezuza ekuvikelekeni nasekukhanyeni kwenethiwekhi ehlukaniswe.

5.2. I-Incentivized Node Operation

Amalungu omphakathi asebenzisa amanodi e-IceNet athola izikhuthazo zethrafikhi ayithungatha ezindaweni zawo. Lokhu akuqinisekisi kuphela inethiwekhi eqinile nesebenzayo kodwa futhi kukhuthaza ababambiqhaza abengeziwe ukuthi bajoyine futhi baqinise i-ecosystem.

Ukuze usebenzise i-IceNet node, ababambiqhaza kufanele bahlangabezane nezidingo ezithile zezingxenyekazi zekhompuyutha: iseva enomthamo wenethiwekhi obuncane obungu-100Mb, okungenani ama-CPU cores angu-2, 4GB RAM, kanye nobuncane obungu-80GB kudrayivu ye-SSD/NVMe. Lezi zidingo ziqinisekisa ukuthi i-node ingakwazi ukuphatha izimfuno zenethiwekhi ngendlela efanele.

Kubalulekile kubuqotho nokusebenza kahle kwe-IceNet ecosystem ukuthi wonke ama-node agcine izinga lokusebenza. Uma i-IceNet node itholwa njengokuxhumana okunensayo noma ingafinyeleleki, izosuswa ngokushesha kunethiwekhi. Amanodi asuswa ngaphansi kwalezi zimo ngeke athole noma yimiphi imiklomelo, okugcizelela ukubaluleka kokusebenza okungaguquki nokutholakala.

5.3. Ukuvimbela-Ukumelana Nobumfihlo nge-IceNet

Ingqikithi yokwahlukaniswa kwezindawo ukunikeza abasebenzisi ukulawula, inkululeko, kanye nokumelana nanoma yiluphi uhlobo lokucwaninga. I-IceNet idlala indima ebalulekile ekuqinisekiseni ukuthi konke Ice I-ecosystem ime iqine imelana nanoma yimiphi imizamo yokucindezela noma yokulawula ukuhamba kolwazi.

5.3.1. I-Dynamic Node Adaptability

Esinye sezici ezivelele ze-IceNet ukuguquguquka kwayo. Uma inodi ye-IceNet ibhekene nesikhathi esiphansi noma ikhishwa ingaxhunyiwe ku-inthanethi, abasebenzisi abashiywa dengwane. Bangakwazi ukushintshela kwenye indawo yokusebenza noma bamise futhi basebenzise eyabo inodi ye-IceNet. Le mvelo eguquguqukayo iqinisekisa ukuthi inethiwekhi ihlala isebenza, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi yiziphi izimo zenodi ngayinye.

5.3.2. Ivikela I-IceConnect Node

I-IceNet ayigcini nje ngokuyeka ukuletha okuqukethwe kahle; iphinde isebenze njengesendlalelo esivikelayo samanodi e-IceConnect ngaphakathi kwe-ION Private Network. Ngokuphazamisa izindawo zalawa ma-node, i-IceNet iqinisekisa ukuthi ahlala efihliwe ezinsongweni ezingaba khona. Lokhu kwenza inethiwekhi imelane kakhulu nokuhlaselwa okuqondiwe, okufana nokuhlaselwa kwe-dinal-of-service (DDoS), ukuvikela ubuqotho besistimu kanye nobumfihlo babasebenzisi bayo.

5.3.3. Ukunikeza Amandla I-Decentralized Social Landscape

Ngokusekelwa okuyisisekelo kwe-IceNet, i-IceConnect (cf. 4 ) isilungele ukuguqula isimo senkundla yezokuxhumana. Inamandla okuvela njengenethiwekhi yokuxhumana nabantu yokuqala emhlabeni wonke, eqhutshwa futhi eqhutshwa umphakathi wayo. Ukugcizelelwa kokumelana nokucwaninga nobumfihlo kusho ukuthi abasebenzisi bangaziveza ngaphandle kokwesaba imiphumela noma ukugadwa. (cf. 4.3.2 )

5.3.4. Ukuqamba kanye Nokwandiswa

I Ice i-ecosystem ayikona nje ukunikeza inkundla; imayelana nokukhuthaza ukuqamba okusha. Abathuthukisi nabashisekayo bazoba nenkululeko yokwakha phezu kwe Ice i-ecosystem, yakha izinhlelo zokusebenza zomphakathi ezihlukile ezenzelwe izidingo ezihlukahlukene. Ngomakhi Wohlelo Lokusebenza, ukwethula lezi zinhlelo zokusebenza zokuxhumana nabantu kuba mnandi, okuvumela abadali ukuthi basuke emcabangweni baye ekwenzeni ngesikhathi esingaphansi kwehora.

I-IceNet ayilona nje ithuluzi kodwa iwumgogodla womnyakazo oya ku-inthanethi ehlukaniswe, yamahhala, nevulekile. Isekela imbangela yobumfihlo bomsebenzisi, inkululeko yokukhuluma, kanye nokuqamba izinto ezintsha, ibeka isisekelo sekusasa ledijithali lapho abasebenzisi belawula khona.

5.4. Isiphetho

I-IceNet ime njengobufakazi bamathuba avelayo lapho ukusungula kuhlangabezana nesidingo. Ngokuhlanganisa ngaphandle komthungo izinzuzo zokwahlukaniswa kwezindawo nokusebenza kahle kwamasistimu amaphakathi, i-IceNet inikeza isixazululo esibhekelela isidingo somsebenzisi wesimanje sejubane ngaphandle kokubeka engcupheni ezokuphepha noma obala. Ngesisusa esengeziwe sokubamba iqhaza komphakathi, i-IceNet isilungele ukukhula futhi ithuthuke, ivula indlela yolwazi lwe-inthanethi olubandakanya wonke umuntu, oluvikelekile, futhi olusebenza kahle.

6. I-IceVault: I-Decentralized File Storage

6.1. Isingeniso

I-IceVault yakhelwe phezu kwesakhiwo esiqinile se-TON Storage, izuza ifa lamakhono ayo okugcina amafayela ahlukanisiwe. Emgogodleni wayo, idizayini ye-TON Storage iqinisekisa ukutholakala kwedatha nokuphinda isetshenziswe ngokuhlukanisa amafayela abe amashadi abethelwe futhi siwasabalalise kunethiwekhi enkulu yamanodi. Lokhu kuhlukaniswa kuqinisekisa ukuthi ngisho noma isethi engaphansi yamanodi ingatholakali, idatha ihlala injalo futhi itholakala kumanodi asele asebenzayo.

6.2. I-Cryptography Emelana ne-Quantum

Esinye sezithuthukisi ezibaluleke kakhulu ku-IceVault ukuhlanganiswa kwe-cryptography engamelana nenani. Izindlela ze-cryptographic ezivamile, kuyilapho zivikelekile ezinsongweni zamanje, zingase zibe sengcupheni kumakhompyutha we-quantum. Le mishini yesikhathi esizayo ingacubungula izinkinga ezithile ze-cryptographic ngokushesha okukhulu kunamakhompuyutha asendulo, okungenzeka iphule izikimu zokubethela ezisetshenziswa kabanzi njenge-RSA ne-ECC.

Ukumelana nalokhu, i-IceVault isebenzisa ama-algorithms we-post-quantum cryptographic. Lawa ma-algorithms enzelwe ukuthi avikeleke kuzo zombili izinsongo zekhompuyutha zasendulo neze-quantum. Ngokuhlanganisa lawa ma-algorithms, i-IceVault iqinisekisa ukuthi idatha ihlala ivikelekile hhayi nje okwanamuhla kodwa nangekusasa elibonakalayo, ngisho nasekusungulweni kwe-quantum computing.

6.3. Ukuhlukaniswa Kwefayela kanye Nokungadingeki

I-IceVault ithatha indlela yokuhlukanisa ifayela ye-TON Storage iye ezingeni elilandelayo. Ifayela ngalinye lihlukaniswa libe izingcezu eziningi, libethelwe kusetshenziswa ama-algorithms amelana ne-quantum, bese lisatshalaliswa kunethiwekhi ehlukaniselwe indawo. Lokhu kuqinisekisa ukuphindaphindwa kwedatha ephezulu. Ngisho noma ingxenye enkulu yamanodi enethiwekhi ibingaxhunywa ku-inthanethi ngesikhathi esisodwa, abasebenzisi basengakwazi ukubuyisa amafayela abo aphelele ngaphandle kokulahlekelwa idatha.

6.4. Ukubuyiswa Kwedatha Nokungaguquguquki

I-IceVault isebenzisa ama-algorithms athuthukile ukuze iqinisekise ukufana kwedatha kuyo yonke inethiwekhi. Uma umsebenzisi ecela ifayela, isistimu ithola ama-shards ahlukahlukene, iwasuse ekubhaleni kwawo kusetshenziswa okhiye abamelana ne-quantum, bese yakhe kabusha ifayela lokuqala. Le nqubo ayinazihibe, iqinisekisa ukuthi abasebenzisi bathola ukubuyiswa kwedatha ngokushesha nangempumelelo.

6.5. Ukuhlanganisa ne Ice Inethiwekhi

Ukuba yingxenye yobubanzi Ice i-ecosystem, i-IceVault izuza ngokuvikeleka okungokwemvelo kwenethiwekhi, isivinini, nokwethembeka. Ihlanganisa kalula nezinye izingxenye ze- Ice i-ecosystem, ihlinzeka abasebenzisi ngolwazi oluphelele, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi bahweba ku-blockchain, baxhumana ngezinkundla ezihlukaniselwe izindawo, noma bagcine futhi babuyise amafayela.

6.6. Isiphetho

I-IceVault imele isizukulwane esilandelayo sokugcinwa kwamafayela okuhlukaniselwe indawo, okuhlanganisa ukwakheka okuqinisekisiwe kwe-TON Storage nokuvikeleka okubheke phambili kwe-cryptography engamelana nenani. Akusona nje isixazululo sesitoreji; kuwumbono wekusasa lapho idatha ihlala ivikelekile ngunaphakade futhi ifinyeleleka, kungakhathaliseki intuthuko kanye nezinselelo zobuchwepheshe.

7. I-IceQuery: Isixazululo Sesizindalwazi Esimisiwe

7.1. Isingeniso

Esikhathini sedijithali, idatha iwumthombo wempilo wokusungula izinto ezintsha. Njengoba izinhlelo zokusebenza zikhula ngobunkimbinkimbi nangesilinganiso, imininingwane egciniwe eyisisekelo ezisekelayo kufanele iguquke ngokuhambisana. Izakhiwo zesizindalwazi sendabuko, nakuba ziqinile futhi ziqondwa kahle, ngokwemvelo zibekwe endaweni eyodwa, okuholela enkingeni yezinselelo kumongo womhlaba ohlukaniswe. I-IceQuery, isixazululo sethu sesizindalwazi esisabalalisa ukunwetshwa, ifuna ukubhekana ngqo nalezi zinselele.

Yakhelwe phezu kwesisekelo esiqinile se-PostgresSQL, i-IceQuery akuyona nje enye imininingwane egciniwe; kuyindlela yokuguqula ukugcinwa kwedatha nokuphathwa ku-ecosystem ehlukaniselwe indawo. Ngokucabangela kabusha ingqikithi yolwazi njengemishini yezwe, i-IceQuery yethula ukusakazwa kokwenziwe okulandelanayo, iqinisekisa ukuthi konke okwenziwayo kucutshungulwa ngendlela enqumayo (cf. 7.3.3. ). Lokhu ku-oda okucophelelayo, kuhlanganiswe ne-algorithm yokuvumelana yokubekezelela iphutha yaseByzantine, kuqinisekisa ukuthi bonke abaqinisekisi kunethiwekhi bafinyelela isivumelwano esivumelana nesimo sesizindalwazi ngemva kokuthenga ngakunye (cf. 7.3.4 ). Ngaphezu kwalokho, ngezici ezithuthukile njenge-hashing egciniwe kanye nokuhlola, i-IceQuery iqinisekisa ubuqotho bedatha, ukuqina, nokuhlanganiswa kokuqinisekisa okungenamthungo, ibeka isiteji senkathi entsha yolwazi oluhlukaniselwe.

7.2. I-Centralized Dilemma

Imininingo egciniwe ebekwe endaweni eyodwa kade yaba umgogodla wezwe ledijithali. Banikeza ukusebenza kahle, isivinini, kanye nepharadigm yentuthuko evamile. Kodwa-ke, njengoba isimo sedijithali sishintshela ekwahlukaniseni amazwe, imikhawulo yalezi zinhlelo zendabuko iba sobala ngokusobala.

7.2.1. Iphuzu Elilodwa Lokuhluleka

Imininingo egciniwe emaphakathi, ngokuklama, incike kweyodwa noma iqoqo lamaseva. Lokhu kubenza babe sengcupheni yakho kokubili ukwehluleka kobuchwepheshe nokuhlaselwa okuqondiwe. Ukungasebenzi kahle kwezingxenyekazi zekhompuyutha, isiphazamisi sesofthiwe, noma ukuhlasela kwe-inthanethi okuhlelwe kahle kungenza ukuthi yonke imininingwane egciniwe ingafinyeleleki, okuholela ekulahlekeni kwedatha okungaba khona kanye nokuphazamiseka kwesevisi.

7.2.2. Themba Izinkinga

Kusistimu emaphakathi, abasebenzisi bathembela ngokuphelele ibhizinisi elilawula isizindalwazi. Lokhu kuthemba akudluleli nje kuphela ebuqothoni bedatha kodwa nakubumfihlo bedatha. Kuhlala kunobungozi obuzayo bebhizinisi elilawulayo elikhohlisayo, elithengisayo, noma liphatha kabi idatha yomsebenzisi.

7.2.3. Ukukhathazeka nge-Scalability

Njengoba izinhlelo zokusebenza zikhula, kuya ngokuya kuba nzima kusizindalwazi sazo esisekelayo. Amasistimu abekwe endaweni eyodwa ngokuvamile athwala kanzima ngenxa yokwanda, okudinga ukutshalwa kwezimali okubalulekile kwengqalasizinda nokunakekelwa ukuze kusingathwe imithwalo eyengeziwe. Lokhu akugcini nje ngokukhuphula izindleko kodwa kungaholela nasekuvimbeleni ukusebenza.

7.2.4. Ukungabi namfihlo

Enye yezingqinamba ezikhona zesizindalwazi esimaphakathi ubunjalo bazo obungacacile. Abasebenzisi nabathuthukisi banokubonakala okulinganiselwe ekusebenzeni kwesizindalwazi, okwenza kube inselele ukuhlola noma ukuqinisekisa ukuthengiswa kwedatha.

7.2.5. Izingozi Zokulawula kanye Nezombangazwe

Imininingo egciniwe ebekwe endaweni eyodwa ngokuvamile ingaphansi kwendawo yokulawula yendawo ezisebenza kuyo. Lokhu kungaholela ezinkingeni zokufinyelela idatha, ukucwaninga, noma ngisho nokudalulwa kwedatha okuphoqelelwe.

7.2.6. Isiphetho

I-IceQuery, nezakhiwo zayo ezihlukaniselwe izwe, ifuna ukubhekana nalezi zinselelo. Ngokusabalalisa idatha kuyo yonke inethiwekhi yeziqinisekisi, iqeda iphuzu elilodwa lokwehluleka, iqinisekisa ukutholakala kwedatha okuthuthukisiwe kanye nokuqina (cf. 7.3.7 ). I-serialized transaction stream kanye ne-algorithm yokuvumelana kuqinisekisa ukuthi ubuqotho bedatha bugcinwa ngaphandle kokubeka ithemba elingabonakali kuziphathimandla ezimaphakathi ( cf. 7.3.3 , 7.3.4 ) . Ngaphezu kwalokho, imvelo yokwahlukaniswa kwe-IceQuery inikeza ukukala okungokwemvelo (cf. 7.3.9 ), njengoba inethiwekhi ingakhula ngokwezinto eziphilayo ngokwengezwa kweziqinisekisi ezengeziwe. Ngedizayini yayo emisha nezici, i-IceQuery inikeza isisombululo esingahambelani nje kuphela namandla esizindalwazi esimaphakathi kodwa esiwadlula ngokuthembana, obala, nokuqina (cf. 7.3.10 , 7.3.11 ).

7.3. I-IceQuery Blueprint

I-IceQuery architecture iwubufakazi bokuhlanganiswa kwezimiso zesizindalwazi esivamile (cf. 7.3.1 ) nobuchwepheshe obusezingeni eliphezulu obuhlukaniselwe amazwe. Emgogodleni wayo, i-IceQuery yakhelwe ukuhlinzeka ngesixazululo sesizindalwazi esingenamthungo, esikalekayo, nesivikelekile esingabhekana nezidingo zezinhlelo zokusebenza zesimanje ezisabalalisiwe. Ake sihlole ipulani eyinkimbinkimbi enika amandla i-IceQuery:

7.3.1. Isisekelo ku-PostgreSQL

I-IceQuery ithuthukisa ukuqina nokusebenza ngezindlela ezihlukahlukene kwe-PostgreSQL, uhlelo lwedatha egciniwe oludumile. Ngokwakhela phezu kwe-PostgreSQL, i-IceQuery izuza njengefa izici zayo ezithuthukisiwe, ukwenziwa ngcono kwemibuzo, nezindlela zobuqotho bedatha, iqinisekisa ukuthi onjiniyela banendawo ejwayelekile yokusebenza nayo.

7.3.2. I-State Machine Paradigm

Yonke imininingwane egciniwe, ngomqondo wayo, ingumshini wombuso. Ishintsha isuka kwesinye isifunda iye kwesinye ngokusekelwe ochungechungeni lwemisebenzi yokubhala. I-IceQuery ihlanganisa lo mqondo ngokuphatha isizindalwazi njengomshini wesimo esinqunyiwe. Lokhu kuqinisekisa ukuthi zonke iziqinisekisi kunethiwekhi, uma zethulwa ngokusakazwa okufanayo kokwenziwe, zizofika kusimo sesizindalwazi esifanayo, okuqinisekisa ukuvumelana kuyo yonke indawo.

7.3.3. Ukusakaza Kokwenziwayo Okuhleliwe

Ukugcina ukuzimisela nokuvumelana, kubalulekile ukuthi okwenziwayo kucutshungulwe ngendlela ethile. I-IceQuery yethula ukusakazwa kokwenziwe okulandelanayo, lapho konke okwenziwayo kugxivizwa isikhathi futhi kucutshungulwe ngendlela elandelanayo. Lokhu kuhlanganiswa kuqinisekisa ukuthi noma ngabe imisebenzi iqalwa kanyekanye, yenziwa ngohlelo olunqumayo.

7.3.4. I-Byzantine Fault-Tolerant Consensus

Kuhlelo olusabalalisiwe, ukuzuza ukuvumelana phakathi kwabaqinisekisayo kubaluleke kakhulu. I-IceQuery isebenzisa i-algorithm yokuvumelana yokubekezelela iphutha yase-Byzantine, iqinisekisa ukuthi noma ngabe isethi engaphansi yabaqinisekisi yenza izinto ezinonya noma ingaxhunyiwe ku-inthanethi, inethiwekhi isengafinyelela isivumelwano ngesimo sesizindalwazi.

7.3.5. Database Hashing & Checkpointing

Ukuqinisekisa ubuqotho bedatha nokuqinisekisa ukuthi abaqinisekisi babamba inguqulo elungile yesizindalwazi, i-IceQuery yethula indlela ye-hashing. Yonke imininingwane egciniwe ihlukaniswe izingcezu, lapho kwakhiwa khona isihlahla se-Merkle. Lesi sihlahla sihlinzeka ngobufakazi be-cryptographic besimo sesizindalwazi. Ukuhlola ngezikhathi ezithile kuqinisekisa ukuthi sonke isimo sesizindalwazi, kanye nemifudlana yokwenziwayo, kuyatholakala kubaqinisekisi, okusiza ukutakula kanye nokungena kokuqinisekisa.

7.3.6. Ukusakaza Kokwenziwayo Okumaphakathi komsebenzisi

I-IceQuery yethula umqondo wokusakazwa komsebenzisi ngamunye. Okwenziwayo komsebenzisi ngamunye kufakwa ngokulandelana ekusakazweni kwabo, kusayinwe ukhiye wabo we-cryptographic ohlukile. Lokhu akugcini nje ngokuthuthukisa ukuphepha kodwa futhi kuvumela ukucutshungulwa okufanayo, okuthuthukisa kakhulu ukusebenza kwesistimu.

7.3.7. I-Validator Incentivization & Management

Iziqinisekisi zidlala indima ebalulekile ku-IceQuery ecosystem. Bakhuthazwa ngendlela yokuklomelisa yokubamba isizindalwazi, ukucubungula okwenziwayo, nokugcina ubuqotho bedatha. Ingqalasizinda yokuphatha eqinile iqinisekisa ukuthi iziqinisekisi ziyacwaningwa ngezikhathi ezithile, futhi noma yimuphi umsebenzi omubi utholwa ngokushesha futhi uncishiswe.

7.3.8. Ukwenziwa Kombuzo Nokulawula Ukufinyelela

Uma kubhekwa imvelo yokwahlukaniswa kwe-IceQuery, kubalulekile ukuqinisekisa ukuthi imibuzo efakwe kusizindalwazi ivumelekile futhi ayifaki engozini ubuqotho bedatha. Indlela edidiyelwe yokulawula ukufinyelela iqinisekisa yonke imibuzo ngokuphikisana nezimvume zomsebenzisi, iqinisekisa ukuthi idatha ifinyelelwa noma ilungiswa kuphela amabhizinisi agunyaziwe.

7.3.9. Ukuqina nokusebenza

I-IceQuery yakhelwe nge-scalability emnyombweni wayo. Izakhiwo zivumela ukusatshalaliswa komthwalo womsebenzi kuzo zonke izimo zesizindalwazi, ukuqinisekisa ukuthi njengoba isidingo sikhula, isistimu ingakhula ivundlile ngokwengeza iziqinisekisi ezengeziwe, ngaleyo ndlela ifinyelele ukukala okucishe kulingane.

7.3.10. Transparent & Open-Source

Ngokuhambisana ne-ethos of decentralization, ipulani ye-IceQuery ingumthombo ovulekile. Lokhu kubeka izinto obala kuqinisekisa ukuthi umphakathi ungacwaninga, ufake isandla, futhi uthuthukise uhlelo, ukhuthaze uhlelo lwezemvelo olwakhelwe ekuthembekeni nasekubambisaneni.

7.3.11. Isiphetho

Sengiphetha, ipulani ye-IceQuery iyisixazululo esiklanywe ngobunyoninco esihlanganisa yonke imininingwane egciniwe yendabuko kanye nobuchwepheshe obuhlukaniselwe izwe. Ithembisa ikusasa lapho imininingwane yolwazi ingewona amathuluzi nje kuphela kodwa izimiso zemvelo—eziqinile, ezingabekezeleleki, futhi zahlukaniselwa amazwe ngempela.

7.4. Isandiso Sesizindalwazi Segrafu se-PostgreSQL

Ukuvela kwezinhlelo zesizindalwazi kubone ukwanda kwesidingo sezakhiwo zedatha eziyinkimbinkimbi kanye nobudlelwano. Imininingo egciniwe yobudlelwano bendabuko, nakuba inamandla, ivamise ukuhluleka uma kuziwa ekumeleleni ubudlelwano obuyinkimbinkimbi obutholakala kudatha yesimanje. Iqaphela leli gebe, i-IceQuery yethula isandiso ku-PostgreSQL ehlanganisa kalula ukusebenza kwesizindalwazi segrafu, okuvumela abasebenzisi ukuthi basebenzise amandla kokubili kolwazi olugciniwe oluhlobene negrafu ngaphakathi kweplathifomu eyodwa ebumbene.

7.5. Sebenzisa Amacala e-IceQuery

I-IceQuery Architecture, nenhlanganisela yayo yezinhlelo zesizindalwazi sendabuko kanye nobuchwepheshe obuhlukaniselwe amazwe, ihlinzeka ngenqwaba yamacala okusetshenziswa kuzo zonke izizinda ezihlukahlukene. Nazi ezinye zezimo ezivelele lapho i-IceQuery ingaguqula indlela esiphatha ngayo futhi sihlanganyele nedatha:

7.5.1. Izinhlelo zokusebenza ezidluliselwe ezindaweni (dApps)

I-IceQuery isebenza njengomgogodla we-dApps edinga isisombululo sesizindalwazi esiqinile nesikakala. Noma ngabe inkundla yezezimali (i-DeFi), indawo yemakethe, noma inethiwekhi yokuxhumana nabantu, i-IceQuery inikeza ingqalasizinda edingekayo yokusingatha inani elikhulu ledatha ngendlela evikelekile nehlukaniselwe amazwe.

7.5.2. Ukuphatha ukuhlinzeka

Ezimbonini lapho ukulandeleka kubalulekile, i-IceQuery ingaqashwa ukuze kulandelelwe imikhiqizo kusukela kumsuka wayo kuya kumthengi wokugcina. Konke okwenziwayo, kusukela ekutholeni impahla yokusetshenziswa kuya ekulethweni komkhiqizo wokugcina, kungarekhodwa ku-IceQuery, kuqinisekiswe ukuthi izinto zisobala nobuqiniso.

7.5.3. Ukunakekela impilo

Amarekhodi esiguli, imilando yokwelashwa, nedatha yocwaningo lwezokwelapha ingagcinwa ku-IceQuery. Lokhu akuqinisekisi ukuphepha kwedatha kuphela kodwa futhi kusiza ukwabelana kwedatha okungenazihibe phakathi kwabahlinzeki bezempilo, ukuthuthukisa ukunakekelwa kwesiguli kanye nokusheshisa ucwaningo lwezokwelapha.

7.5.4. Indawo Ethengiswayo Nerejista Yomhlaba

Ukuthengiselana kwezakhiwo, amarekhodi obunikazi, nezihloko zomhlaba zingagcinwa ku-IceQuery. Le ndlela yokwehlukaniswa kwabantu iqeda abaxhumanisi, inciphisa ukukhwabanisa, futhi iqinisekisa ukuthi amarekhodi ezakhiwo awaguquki futhi asobala.

7.5.5. Amasistimu okuvota

I-IceQuery ingaqashwa ukuze idale amasistimu okuvota angafihli lutho futhi angaphazamiseki. Ivoti ngalinye lingarekhodwa njengokuthengiselana, okuqinisekisa ukuthi inqubo yokuvota isobala, iyahloleka, futhi ayinakho ukukhwabanisa.

7.5.6. Izinkonzo Zezezimali

Kusukela ekwenziweni kwebhange kuya ezimangalweni zomshwalense, i-IceQuery ingaguqula umkhakha wezezimali. Inikeza uhlelo olusobala lapho ukuthengiselana kungenakushintshwa, kunciphisa ukukhwabanisa nokuthuthukisa ukwethembana phakathi kwababambe iqhaza.

7.5.7. Iziqinisekiso Zezemfundo

Amanyuvesi nezikhungo zemfundo zingasebenzisa i-IceQuery ukuze zikhiphe futhi ziqinisekise izincwadi zokufunda. Lokhu kuqinisekisa ukuthi izitifiketi namadigri ayiqiniso, aqinisekiswa kalula, futhi agcinwe ngokuphephile.

7.5.8. Ucwaningo Nentuthuko

Ososayensi nabacwaningi bangasebenzisa i-IceQuery ukuze bagcine futhi babelane ngalokho abakutholile. Lokhu kuqinisekisa ukuthi idatha yocwaningo ayiphazamiseki, ifinyeleleka kalula kontanga, futhi ikhuthaza imizamo yokubambisana yocwaningo.

7.5.9. Ukudalwa Kokuqukethwe & Izinzuzo

Amaciko, ababhali, nabadali bokuqukethwe bangasebenzisa i-IceQuery ukuze barekhode abadalile, baqinisekise ukuthi bathola izinkokhelo zabo ezifanele kanye nokuthi amalungelo abo empahla yobuhlakani avikelekile.

7.5.10. Amarekhodi Omphakathi Nokuphatha

Ama-ejensi kahulumeni angasebenzisa i-IceQuery ukuze agcine amarekhodi omphakathi, kusukela kuzitifiketi zokuzalwa kuye kumarekhodi entela. Lokhu kuqinisekisa ukubekwa obala, kunciphisa ukungasebenzi kahle kwezikhulu, futhi kukhulisa ukwethenjwa komphakathi ezinqubweni zikahulumeni.

7.5.11. I-IoT & Smart Cities

Ngokusabalala kwemishini ye-IoT (cf. 3.16 ) emadolobheni ahlakaniphile, kunesidingo sesixazululo sesizindalwazi esingalawuleki ukuze kusingathwe inani elikhulu ledatha. I-IceQuery ingagcina idatha evela kuzinzwa, izinhlelo zethrafikhi, namanye amadivayisi e-IoT, iqinisekise ukucutshungulwa kwedatha yesikhathi sangempela nokwenza izinqumo.

7.5.12. Isiphetho

Empeleni, isixazululo sesizindalwazi se-IceQuery sinamandla okuchaza kabusha imikhakha eminingi, senze izinqubo zibe sobala, zivikeleke, futhi zisebenze kahle. Izimo zayo zokusetshenziswa zikhawulelwe kuphela ngomcabango, futhi njengoba ubuchwepheshe bukhula, isilungele ukuguqula umdlalo emhlabeni wolwazi.

8. I-DCO: Ukubusa Komphakathi Okunabile

Emkhakheni ohlale uvela wobuchwepheshe, i Ice ithimba lenethiwekhi laqaphela amandla okuguqula ukuhlukaniswa, isisekelo sobuchwepheshe be-blockchain. Lo mbono wawungekona nje ukudala enye inkundla; kwakumayelana nokwakha kabusha isisekelo sokubusa, sikwenze kubandakanyeke kakhudlwana, kube sobala, kanye nentando yeningi.

Ngokomlando, ukubusa bekulokhu kuyindaba ebaluleke kakhulu. AmaGreki Asendulo, ngendlela yawo yase-Athene, ayesebenzisa intando yeningi eqondile, evumela isakhamuzi ngasinye izwi enqubweni yomthetho. Ngokushesha phambili kuze kube namuhla, futhi ngenkathi izinga lokubusa landa, ingqikithi isalokhu ifana: ukumela intando yabantu. Kodwa-ke, njengoba imiphakathi ikhula, ukubamba iqhaza okuqondile kwawo wonke umuntu kwaba inselele, okwaholela ekwamukelweni kwentando yeningi emele abantu.

Nokho, i Ice ithimba lenethiwekhi libone ithuba lokuvakashela kabusha le sistimu endala. Ukuthola ugqozi kusukela esikhathini esidlule kanye nokukuhlanganisa namandla obuchwepheshe besimanje, inhloso bekuwukwakha inkundla eyeqa izibonelo zokubusa kwendabuko. Esikhundleni sokuvalelwa emikhawulweni yentando yeningi emele, lapho amandla evamise ukugxila ezandleni zabambalwa, Ice inethiwekhi ifisa ukudala i-ecosystem ehlukaniswe ngempela. Eyodwa lapho amandla esabalaliswa khona, izinqumo zisobala, futhi izwi ngalinye libalulekile.

Ngokulwela ukwabiwa kwamazwe, i Ice inethiwekhi ayiqinisekisi kuphela uhlelo oluvikelekile futhi olumelana nokuhlolwa kodwa futhi ikhuthaza umuzwa womphakathi, ukubandakanywa, nokubamba iqhaza okusebenzayo. Kuyisinyathelo sokubuyela emuva emibonweni yentando yeningi eqondile, kodwa ngamathuluzi ekhulunyaka lama-21, ukuqinisekisa ukuthi intando yeningi ayizwakali nje kuphela, kodwa iyalandelwa.

8.1. Iqhaza Labaqinisekisi

Kuwebhu eyinkimbinkimbi ye Ice ukubusa kwenethiwekhi, iziqinisekisi zivela njengabadlali ababalulekile, abanikezwe izibopho ezibalulekile ekusebenzeni kwenethiwekhi, ukuphepha, kanye nezimiso zokuziphatha zentando yeningi.

8.1.1. Vimba Ukuzibophezela

Enhliziyweni yanoma iyiphi i-blockchain kukhona ukwengezwa okuqhubekayo kwamabhulokhi amasha. Abaqinisekisi bathwala lo mthwalo wemfanelo ngokuqinisekisa okwenziwayo futhi bakufake ku-blockchain. Le nqubo ayiqinisekisi kuphela ukugeleza okuqhubekayo kokusebenza kodwa futhi iphakamisa ubuqotho benethiwekhi.

8.1.2. Abanakekeli Bokuphepha Kwenethiwekhi

Ngaphandle kwemisebenzi yabo yokusebenza, abaqinisekisi basebenza njengabalindi, bavikela inethiwekhi ezinsongweni ezingaba khona. Ukuzinikela kwabo kufanekiselwa yi- staking kwe Ice zemali, ezisebenza kokubili njengobufakazi bokuzinikezela kwazo nanjengesivimbelo kunoma iyiphi inhloso embi.

8.1.3. Abenzi bezinqumo

I Ice Umoya wentando yeningi wenethiwekhi uqukethwe enqubweni yayo yokuthatha izinqumo, futhi abaqinisekisayo bahamba phambili. Banegunya lokwethula nokuvotela iziphakamiso, okunomthelela endleleni yenethiwekhi. Nokho, la mandla ahambisana nokuziphendulela. Noma yikuphi ukuchezuka emithethweni yenethiwekhi, kungaba ukusayina kabili noma ukuvumela amabhlogo angekho emthethweni, kungaholela ezijezisweni, okuhlanganisa slashing ezigxotsheni zabo ice .

8.1.4. Amandla Dynamics

Umthelela wesiqinisekisi ulingana ngokuqondile nenani lezinhlamvu zemali ezinesiteki elijutshwe kubo. Nokho, i Ice inethiwekhi iqinisekisa ukuthi amandla awahlali eqinile. Izithunywa, ngisho nangemva kokuqondana nomqinisekisi, zigcina ukuzimela ukuze zivote ezindabeni ezithile. Kuye ngevolumu yohlamvu lwemali yesithunywa esigxotshiwe, lokhu kungalinganisa kabusha ithonya lomqinisekisi.

8.1.5. Isiphetho

Empeleni, ama-validators angama-linchpins we- Ice inethiwekhi, iqinisekisa ukusebenza kwayo kahle, ukuphepha, kanye nokuphakamisa izimiso zayo ezisabalalisa nentando yeningi. Bama njengabo bobabili abagadi nabameleli, balolonge isimo samanje nekusasa lenethiwekhi.

8.2. Ukukhetha kanye Nokukhethwa kabusha Abaqinisekisi

I Ice indlela yenethiwekhi yokukhetha kanye nokukhetha kabusha iziqinisekisi yenziwe ngobunono, ifinyelela ibhalansi phakathi kokuphepha, ukusabalalisa, ukubandakanywa, nokuhlukahluka. Le nqubo iqinisekisa ukuthi inethiwekhi ihlala iqinile, imele, futhi ibheka phambili.

8.2.1. Ukubala Nokwandiswa Kokuqinisekisa Kokuqala

I Ice inethiwekhi izoqala ngeziqinisekisi ezifika kwezingama-350. Kodwa-ke, ngokubheka ikusasa kanye nokukhula kwenethiwekhi, le nombolo ihlelelwe ukuthi ikhuphuke ifike ku-1,000 phakathi nenkathi yeminyaka emihlanu. Kusukela kuleli chibi elinwetshiwe, i Ice ithimba lenethiwekhi lizoba nelungelo lokukhetha iziqinisekisi eziyi-100. Indlela yokukhetha incike emandleni alawa maphrojekthi abaqinisekisi ukuthi afake inani emphakathini futhi akhulise ukusetshenziswa kwe Ice uhlamvu lwemali, kungaba ngama-dApps, amaphrothokholi amasha, noma amanye amasevisi atholakala ku- Ice inethiwekhi.

8.2.2. I-Mainnet Launch Selection

Njengoba i-mainnet iveza, abavukuzi abaphezulu abangama-300 abavela esigabeni soku-1, kanye nomdali we Ice network, izonikezwa isimo seziqinisekisi. Ingxenye yeziqinisekisi ezishiwo ngenhla eziyi-100 nayo izokhethwa ngesandla ngabakwa- Ice ithimba lenethiwekhi phakathi nalesi sigaba.

8.2.3. Isikhathi Nokuziphendulela Kwabaqinisekisi Abakhethwe Ithimba:

Iziqinisekiso eziyi-100 ezikhethwe ngesandla yi- Ice ithimba lenethiwekhi libambe isikhundla esihlukile ngaphakathi kwenethiwekhi. Nakuba ukukhetha kwabo kanye nokushintshwa okungase kube khona kulele eqenjini ikakhulukazi, kunesivikelo esibalulekile esikhona. Uma noma yiziphi zalezi ziqinisekisi zithathwa njengezilimaza inethiwekhi nganoma yisiphi isikhundla, umphakathi unamandla okuqalisa ivoti lokususwa kwabo.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, zonke iziqinisekisi, kungakhathaliseki indlela yazo yokukhetha, zinikezwe igunya lokuletha umbiko womsebenzi owenziwa kabili ngonyaka. Lo mbiko kufanele unikeze imininingwane ngeminikelo yabo, ukusebenzelana, nezinhlelo zesikhathi esizayo zenethiwekhi. Le nqubo iqinisekisa ukuzibandakanya kwabo kokubili ekuphatheni nasekusebenzeni kwenethiwekhi, iqinisekisa ukuthi abaqinisekisayo bahlala bematasa futhi bezibophezele ekukhuleni nasekuphileni kahle kwenethiwekhi.

8.2.4. Ukukhethwa Kwabaqinisekisi Abasha

Ukuqina kwenethiwekhi kugcinwa ngenqubo yokuvota ngezikhathi ezithile. Umphakathi uxoxa ngeziphakamiso zalabo abangase baqinisekise. Ngemva kwezinkulumo-mpikiswano eziqinile, kuyavotwa, futhi abaqokelwe ukuthola amavoti aphezulu bangeniswa njengabaqinisekisi abasha.

8.2.5. Ukuqokwa kabusha Kokuqinisekisa

Ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuzibophezela okuqhubekayo nokufaneleka, abaqinisekisayo bafakwa esikhundleni sokuqokwa kabusha iminyaka emibili. Labo abehlulekayo ukuvikela ukukhethwa kabusha bakhishwe kahle ohlwini lokuqinisekisa. Izithunywa zabo, zona, ziyanxuswa ukuthi ziguqule amavoti azo komunye umgunyazi. Okubalulekile, lolu shintsho alunazihibe, alukho ukulahlekelwa kwezinhlamvu zemali kokuqinisekisa noma umphakathi.

8.2.6. Inhloso

Ingqikithi yale nqubo enemininingwane ikabili. Okokuqala, iqinisekisa ukuthi abaqinisekisayo bahlala benesibopho, bekhuthele, futhi benikela. Okwesibili, ikhuthaza indawo lapho imibono emisha ihlale ididiyelwe, ilwela imodeli yokubusa ehlukene futhi ebandakanyayo.

8.2.7. Isiphetho

Empeleni, i- Ice indlela yenethiwekhi okhethweni lokuqinisekisa nokukhethwa kabusha iwubufakazi bokuzibophezela kwayo ekudaleni i-ecosystem ehlukaniselwe kokubili ebamba iqhaza futhi eqhubekayo.

8.3. Ukubusa Ngezenzo

I Ice Imodeli yokuphatha yenethiwekhi iwubufakazi bamandla okwenza izinqumo ngokuhlanganyela. Akukhona nje ngesethi yemithetho noma izivumelwano; imayelana nokukhuthaza indawo lapho izwi ngalinye libalulekile, futhi zonke izinqumo zithathwa ngokuzuzisa kakhulu inethiwekhi enhliziyweni.

Ezinhliziyweni zale modeli yokubusa kukhona abaqinisekisayo. Bathwala isibopho sokuxoxisana, ukubhunga, futhi ekugcineni bavotele inqwaba yeziphakamiso ezingalolonga umzila wenethiwekhi. Lezi ziphakamiso zingahlanganisa i-spectrum ebanzi - kusukela ekulungiseni amanani ekhomishini abaqinisekisi abawathola emiklomelweni ye-block noma staking , ukwenza izibuyekezo eziyinkimbinkimbi ezivumelwaneni eziyisisekelo zenethiwekhi, noma ngisho nezinqumo mayelana nokwabiwa kwezinsiza zamaphrojekthi asafufusa, kungaba ama-dApp noma amanye amasevisi afisa ukwenza uphawu lwawo Ice inethiwekhi (cf. 7.5.1 ).

Ngenkathi i Ice inethiwekhi iyindawo yokudlala evulekile ukuze isebenze noma iyiphi i-dApp, akuwona wonke ama-dApp adalwe alingana. Abaqinisekisi, ngokwamandla abo, banethuba eliyingqayizivele lokuhlola nokuvota eziphakamisweni zoxhaso zalawa ma-dApp. Lesi akusona isinqumo sezezimali nje. Ukuhlola okuphelele okucabangela umthelela ongaba khona we-dApp, ubungozi bayo bemvelo, futhi okubaluleke kakhulu, ukuhambisana kwayo nenkambiso, amanani, kanye nombono wesikhathi eside we Ice Inethiwekhi. I-dApp ehambisana nalezi zimiso futhi ethola ukwesekwa okuningi kwabaqinisekisi ithathwa njengefanele ukwamukela uxhaso oludingekayo ukuze iqhubekisele phambili ukukhula nokuthuthuka kwayo.

Empeleni, i- Ice indlela yokuphatha yenethiwekhi iyisibani sokwenziwa kwezinqumo okusabalalisiwe. Ihlose ukukhulisa ukusetshenziswa kwe- Ice uhlamvu lwemali, qinisa ukuvikeleka kwenethiwekhi, ulwele izimiso zokwahlukaniswa, futhi ngaphezu kwakho konke, udale isikhala lapho ukusebenzelana komphakathi, ukubamba iqhaza, nokubandakanya kungezona nje izindaba ezikhulunywayo kodwa okungokoqobo okungokoqobo.

8.4. Ukusabalalisa Amandla Okuvota ku ice inethiwekhi

I Ice imodeli yokuphatha yenethiwekhi yakhelwe phezu kwesisekelo sokuhlukaniswa nokusabalalisa amandla ngokulinganayo. Ngokungafani namanye amanethiwekhi amaningi lapho amandla aguquguqukayo angagwenywa, i Ice Inethiwekhi ithathe izinyathelo zamabomu zokuqinisekisa ukuthi imodeli yayo yokuphatha ibandakanya wonke umuntu kanye nentando yeningi.

Isici esivelele se- Ice inethiwekhi ukugcizelela kwayo ekukhethweni kokuqinisekisa okuningi ngabasebenzisi. Nakuba kuvamile ukuthi amanethiwekhi avumele abasebenzisi ukuthi bakhethe iziqinisekisi eziningi, i Ice Inethiwekhi iqhubekela phambili. Ayikuvumeli nje lokhu; liyimelela ngenkuthalo. Abasebenzisi banikezwe igunya lokukhetha okungenani iziqinisekisi ezintathu. Leli su lisekelwe embonweni wokuhlakaza amandla okuvota, ukuqinisekisa ukuthi awaphathwa yidlanzana labaqinisekisayo abaqavile. Ukusabalalisa okunjalo akugcini nje ngokukhuthaza umuzwa wobunikazi obuhlangene kodwa futhi kunciphisa ubungozi obuhlobene nokuhlanganisa amandla.

Ngokubona ukuthi akubona bonke abasebenzisi abangaba nokuthambekela noma ubuhlakani bokukhetha iziqinisekisi, Ice inethiwekhi inikeza enye indlela. Abasebenzisi bangakhetha ukuthi inethiwekhi inikeze ngokuzenzakalelayo iziqinisekisi esikhundleni sabo. Lesi sici siqinisekisa ukuthi wonke umsebenzisi, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi ujwayelene kangakanani nobunkimbinkimbi bokukhethwa kokuqinisekisa, angabambambiqhaza osebenzayo ekubuseni kwenethiwekhi.

Ifilosofi eyisisekelo yale modeli icacile: ukubhekana kanye nokulungisa izingibe ezibonwa kwamanye amanethiwekhi lapho inani elingenakulinganiswa lamandla okuvota lilele kwabambalwa abakhethiwe. Ngokusekela imbangela yokukhethwa kweziqinisekisi eziningi kanye nokunikeza izabelo zokuqinisekisa ezizenzakalelayo, i Ice inethiwekhi ibona ngeso lengqondo isakhiwo sokubusa esingagcini nje ngokulingana kodwa futhi esimele ngokweqiniso isisekelo salo sabasebenzisi abahlukahlukene.

8.5. Ukubaluleka Kokuhlanganyela Komphakathi

Enhliziyweni ye- Ice i-network's ethos inkolelo yokuthi inethiwekhi ye-blockchain iyachuma lapho umphakathi wayo uzibandakanya ngokukhuthele. Ukuhlanganyela komphakathi akukhuthazwa nje kuphela; kuthathwa njengebalulekile. Yona kanye ingqikithi yokusatshalaliswa kwamazwe, okuthi Ice ompetha benethiwekhi, kuncike ekuzibandakanyeni ngokuhlanganyela kwamalungu ayo amaningi.

I Ice inethiwekhi ibona ngeso lengqondo imodeli yokubusa engagcini nje ngokusobala kodwa futhi enentando yeningi ejulile. Iyabona ukuthi amandla okuphatha kwayo awalele kubaqinisekisi bayo kuphela. Esikhundleni salokho, isatshalaliswa kuyo yonke i-ecosystem yayo enkulu, ehlanganisa abasebenzisi, onjiniyela, nabanye ababambiqhaza abaningi. Ngayinye yalezi zinhlangano iletha etafuleni imininingwane eyingqayizivele, imibono, kanye nobuchwepheshe, okucebisa izinqubo zokuthatha izinqumo zenethiwekhi.

Ukuze ukubamba iqhaza komphakathi kuphumelele ngempela, kubalulekile ukuthi kube nezindlela eziqhuba inkhulumomphendvulwano evulelekile kanye nokukhuthaza ukubambisana. Ngokubona lokhu, i Ice ithimba lenethiwekhi alintengantengi ekuzinikeleni kwalo ukunakekela indawo lapho ukuxhumana kungenazihibe, kanye nezihibe zempendulo ziqinile. Wonke amalungu, kungakhathalekile indima yawo, akagcini nje ngokumenywa kodwa ayanxuswa ukuba abambe iqhaza elibonakalayo ekubuseni kwenethiwekhi.

Izindlela zokubamba iqhaza ziningi. Amalungu angavota ngokuqondile, athumele amalungelo awo okuvota kubaqinisekisi abathenjwayo, noma acwile ezingxoxweni ezinohlonze ezilolonga umzila wenethiwekhi. Umlayezo oyisisekelo ucacile: wonke amazwi abalulekile. I Ice inethiwekhi ikholelwa ngokuqinile ukuthi ukuqina nokuqina kwayo kuhambisana ngokuqondile nokwehlukahlukana nokuzibandakanya komphakathi wayo.

8.6. Izimali Zokuqinisekisa

Kwe Ice inethiwekhi, iziqinisekisi zidlala indima ebalulekile ekuqinisekiseni ukusebenza kahle kwenethiwekhi, ukuphepha, nokukhula. Njengophawu lokubonga ngemizamo yabo engapheli kanye nokunxephezela izinsiza abazitshalayo, abaqinisekisi banelungelo lokukhokhisa imali evela ezindlekweni zokuvimba kanye nemali engenayo yesiteki eyenziwa abasebenzisi abathumela iziteki zabo.

Isakhiwo sekhomishana siyashintshashintsha, siklanyelwe ukulinganisa phakathi kokukhuthaza abaqinisekisi nokuqinisekisa ubulungisa kubasebenzisi ababathumayo. Ekuqaleni isethwe ku-10%, izinga lekhomishini lingahluka phakathi kuka-5% no-15%. Kodwa-ke, ukuze kuvinjelwe izinguquko ezisheshayo nezinqala, noma yikuphi ukulungiswa esilinganisweni sekhomishini kufinyelelwa ekushintsheni kwamaphesenti angu-3 kunoma iyiphi indlela kunoma yisiphi isikhathi sokuvota.

Lapho umphakathi oqinisekisayo uvumelana ngokuhlangene ngoshintsho lwekhomishini ngevoti leningi, kuba yisibopho kubo bonke abaqinisekisayo. Lokhu kuqinisekisa ukufana futhi kuvimbela noma isiphi isiqinisekisi esisodwa ekukhokhiseni izimali ezimba eqolo.

Ingqikithi yalezi zimali ikabili. Okokuqala, zisebenza njengomvuzo wabaqinisekisi abasebenza ngokuzikhandla ukuqinisa ukutholwa kwenethiwekhi, ukuvikela ukuphepha kwayo, nokuqinisekisa ukusebenza kwayo okungenazihibe. Okwesibili, ngokuthola lezi zimali ezinkokhelweni zebhlokhi kanye nemali engenayo yesiteki, ziqinisekisa ukuthi umthwalo wezezimali awuweli kubasebenzisi ngokuqondile kodwa kuwumthwalo okwabelwana ngawo.

Indlela yentando yeningi yokulungisa izimali ezikhokhwayo zokuqinisekisa iqinisekisa ukuthi inqubo yokuthatha izinqumo iyabandakanya. Kucatshangelwa imibono yabo bobabili abaqinisekisi, abafuna isinxephezelo esifanelekile, kanye nabasebenzisi, abafisa isevisi efanele ngezindleko ezifanele. Lokhu kulinganisa kuqinisekisa ukukhula okuqhubekayo kanye nokuvumelana kwe Ice inethiwekhi.

8.7. Isiphetho

I Ice inethiwekhi ime njengobufakazi bamandla oguquko okusabalalisa izifundazwe, ezihlanganisa izimiso zokubusa okuqhutshwa umphakathi, ukubandakanywa, kanye nokwenza izinto obala. Emgogodleni wayo, imodeli yokuphatha isekela umqondo wokuhlakaza igunya, iqinisekisa ukuthi akukho nhlangano eyodwa noma abambalwa abakhethiwe abanamandla amakhulu. Ngokumela ukukhethwa kwama-validators amaningi, i Ice inethiwekhi iqinisekisa ukusatshalaliswa okulinganayo kwamandla okuvota, inciphisa ubungozi obuhambisana nokulawula okumaphakathi.

Ngaphandle kwezinqubo zesakhiwo, i-ethos ye- Ice inethiwekhi igxile ekukhuthazeni umoya ophilayo womphakathi. Wonke umuntu, ngokunganaki indima yakhe, uyakhuthazwa ukuthi abambe iqhaza, aveze imibono yakhe, futhi alolonge umkhondo wenethiwekhi. Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi kungokwenza amavoti, ukunikeza igunya kubaqinisekisi abathenjwayo, noma ukuzibandakanya ezingxoxweni ezakhayo, zonke izenzo zinomthelela embonweni ohlangene wenethiwekhi.

Ngamafuphi, i Ice imodeli yokuphatha yenethiwekhi iyinhlanganisela evumelanayo yezinqubo zesakhiwo esiqinile kanye nenkambiso egxile emphakathini. Akuqinisekisi nje kuphela ukuphepha kwenethiwekhi nokwabiwa kwamazwe kodwa futhi kuvula indlela ye-ecosystem ebandakanya wonke umuntu, yentando yeningi, nesobala. Kulesi simo, izwi ngalinye libalulekile, yonke imibono ibalulekile, futhi wonke umnikelo uyaziswa, okuqinisekisa ikusasa lapho ubuchwepheshe busebenzela umphakathi ngempela.

9. Uhlamvu Lwezomnotho

9.1. Isingeniso

Emhlabeni othuthukayo ngokushesha we-blockchain kanye nezinhlelo ezihlukaniselwe amazwe, imodeli yezomnotho ngemuva kwe-cryptocurrency ayiyona nje into eyisisekelo—ngamandla aqhubayo asho ukusimama kwayo, ukukhula, nokusebenza kwayo kwesikhathi eside. Uhlamvu lwezomnotho lwephrojekthi lungafaniswa nepulani yesakhiwo; iveza ukwakheka, ukwakheka, nokusebenza, iqinisekisa ukuthi yonke ingxenye isebenza ngokuvumelana ukuze kuzuzwe umgomo ofanayo.

Ku-ION Blockchain, uhlamvu lwethu lwezomnotho lwezomnotho luklanywe ngokucophelela ukuze luhambisane nombono wethu omkhulu: ukwakha i-ecosystem ehlukaniselwe abantu amandla enika abasebenzisi, abathuthukisi, kanye nababambiqhaza, iphokophele ukuqamba okusha futhi iqhube imingcele yalokho okungenzeka ku-web3 landscape. Lesi sigaba sicubungula ngokujulile ubunkimbinkimbi bezezimali nokusebenza kwe-cryptocurrency yethu yomdabu, i Ice uhlamvu lwemali, ecacisa ukuthi imodeli yayo yezomnotho ihlanganiswe kanjani nempumelelo namandla e-ION Blockchain.

9.2. Imininingwane Yohlamvu Lwemali Nokusabalalisa

9.2.1. Igama lemali kanye neSimboli

Ice : Decentralized Future ( ICE )

9.2.2. Ukuhlukaniswa iziqephu kanye namagama

Eyodwa ICE uhlamvu lwemali luhlukaniswa lube amayunithi amancane ayisigidi, aziwa ngokuthi “ama-iceflakes” noma “ama-flakes” nje. Konke okwenziwayo kanye nebhalansi ye-akhawunti imelelwa kusetshenziswa inombolo ephelele engeyona inegethivu yalezi zimpawu.

9.2.2. Ukunikezwa Okuphelele

Isamba sokuhlinzekwa kwe ICE kuxhumene kakhulu nesigaba sokuqalisa esibizwa ngokuthi “Ukwahlukaniswa Kwamazwe” (cf. 1 ) kusukela ngomhlaka-7 July 2023 kuya ku-7 October 2024. Isimo esiyingqayizivele ICE Imodeli yokunikezela ithonywa inqwaba yezinto, okuhlanganisa inombolo yabasebenzisi ababhalisiwe, abavukuzi abasebenzayo, imicimbi ehliswe ngohhafu, amabhonasi, kanye slashing indlela. Le ndlela eguquguqukayo iqinisekisa ukuthi ukunikezwa okuphelele kuhlala kumanzi, kuvumelana nokukhula kwenethiwekhi nomsebenzi wabasebenzisi.

Isici esivelele sesigaba sokuqala se- ICE uhlamvu lwemali yi slashing indlela. Kwe ICE i-ecosystem, ukuhlanganyela noma ukungasebenzi kungaholela ekuncipheni kwebhalansi yemali yomsebenzisi. Lokhu akugcini nje ngokugqugquzela ukubamba iqhaza okusebenzayo kodwa futhi kwethula isici sokungabikezeli esiphelele sokulinganisa kokuthunyelwe kwesigaba soku-1.

9.2.3. Ukusabalalisa Kwasekuqaleni

Ukusatshalaliswa kokuqala kwe ICE izinhlamvu zemali zihlelwe ngokucophelela ukuze kuqinisekiswe ibhalansi evumelanayo phakathi kwethimba eliwumgogodla, amalungu omphakathi asebenzayo, kanye nemizamo yentuthuko yesikhathi esizayo:

  • Ukwabiwa Kwezimayini Zomphakathi (40%) : Ngokubona iqhaza elibalulekile lomphakathi, uhhafu wokusabalalisa kokuqala ubekelwe labo ababambe iqhaza elibonakalayo emisebenzini yezimayini ngesikhathi seSigaba 1 (cf. 1 ). Lesi sabelo siwumphumela wokwethenjwa kwabo, ukwesekwa kanye negalelo ekukhuleni okuyisisekelo kwenethiwekhi.
  • Ukwabiwa Kwethimba (25%) : Lesi sabelo sisebenza njengobufakazi bemizamo engapheli, ukusungula izinto ezintsha, nokuzinikela kweqembu ICE . Ihlose ukugqugquzela kanye nokuklomelisa ukuzibophezela kwabo okungaguquki embonweni wephrojekthi kanye nokuziphendukela kwemvelo okuqhubekayo.
  • Iphuli Yomphakathi (15%) : Leli chibi liyichibi lamathuba. Kunikezelwe emphakathini, okubavumela ukuthi bavotele ngokwentando yeningi futhi banqume izindlela ezingcono kakhulu zokutshala imali. Noma ngabe ukuxhasa ngezimali i-dApp ethembisayo noma ukuqinisa ingqalasizinda yenethiwekhi, le pool iqinisekisa ukuthi izwi lomphakathi lihamba phambili ICE 's ikusasa trajectory.
  • I-Treasury Pool (10%) : I-Treasury Pool iklanyelwe ukuhlinzeka ngemali yezimali, isungule ubudlelwano bokuhwebelana, iqalise imikhankaso yokushintshisana, kanye nezindleko zomkhiqizi wemakethe. Le pool ithuthukisa ikhono lethu lokwenza izinhlelo zamasu, ukuqinisa ICE isikhundla emakethe.
  • I-Ecosystem Growth and Innovation Pool (10%) : Le pool inikezelwe ukukhuthaza ukuqamba okusha, ukusekela ubambiswano nezinhlangano zezinkampani zangaphandle, ukuthola amasevisi ezinkampani zangaphandle ukuze kuthuthukiswe nokumakethwa, ukuqalisa amaphrojekthi amasha ngaphakathi ICE i-ecosystem, kanye nokusebenzisana nabahlinzeki bangaphandle ukuze sandise ukufinyelela kwethu namandla ethu. Ihlose ukuqhubekisela phambili ukukhula nokuqanjwa okusha ngaphakathi kwe ICE inethiwekhi.

Inkolelo yethu iqinile: ngokushaya le bhalansi yokusabalalisa, asigcini nje ngokuklomelisa amakholwa okuqala kanye nabanikelayo kodwa futhi sibeka isisekelo esiqinile sezezimali ICE Imizamo yesikhathi esizayo.

9.2.4. Isisetshenziswa

Isisetshenziswa se ICE inezici eziningi, isebenza njenge-linchpin yemisebenzi ehlukahlukene ewumongo ngaphakathi kwenethiwekhi:

  • Ukusebenza Okubalulekile : Njengomthombo wempilo we-ION Blockchain, ICE ilungiselela ukuthengiselana okungenazihibe, ukusebenzelana, nokusebenza, iqinisekisa amandla nokusebenza kahle kwenethiwekhi.
  • Ukubamba iqhaza kokubusa (cf. 8. 3) : ICE abanikazi basebenzisa amandla okubumba ikusasa lenethiwekhi, bephonsa amavoti eziphakamisweni nasezinqumweni ezibalulekile.
  • Staking Mechanism : Ngu staking ICE , abanikazi baqinisa ukuvikeleka kwenethiwekhi, futhi, ngokubuyisela, bathola imivuzo, bakha ubudlelwano be-symbiotic phakathi komsebenzisi nenethiwekhi.
  • I-IceID (cf. 3 ) : Isistimu yokuhlonza ehlukile lapho zonke izinkokhelo eziqoqiwe zibuyiselwa emuva ku- ICE ama-stakers, okuqinisekisa indlela yomvuzo eqhubekayo.
  • I-IceConnect (cf. 4 ) : Imodeli yokwabelana ngenzuzo lapho imali engenayo evela ku-IceConnect isatshalaliswa ngokulinganayo phakathi kwe-Creators, Consumers, i-IceConnect node. Ice Ithimba.
  • I-IceNet (cf 5 ): Ama-Node asebenza ngaphansi kwe-IceNet aklonyeliswa ngezinkonzo zawo, kungaba asebenzisa ama-Proxies noma ama-DCDN node.
  • I-IceVault (cf. 6 ) : Isebenza njengesixazululo sesitoreji senethiwekhi, amanodi e-IceVault anxeshezelwa ngokugcina ngokuphephile idatha yomsebenzisi.
  • I-IceQuery (cf. 7 ) : Izingosi zolwazi ezimisiwe ezinikwe amandla ama-IceQuery node ziqinisekisa ukuthi lawa ma-node aklonyeliswa ngendima yawo ebalulekile ekugcineni ubuqotho bedatha nokufinyeleleka.

9.3. Imodeli Yemali Engenayo

Imodeli yemali engenayo ye Ice inethiwekhi yakhelwe ngokucophelela ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukusatshalaliswa ngokulinganayo, kugqugquzele ukubamba iqhaza okusebenzayo, kanye nokusimamisa ukukhula nokuthuthuka kwenethiwekhi. Nansi incazelo enemininingwane yemali engenayo kanye nezindlela zayo zokusabalalisa:

9.3.1. Izimali Ezijwayelekile Zenethiwekhi

Zonke izinkokhelo zenethiwekhi ezijwayelekile, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi zivela emisebenzini eyisisekelo, ukwenziwa kwezinkontileka ezihlakaniphile, noma ukusetshenziswa kwe-IceID, zidluliselwa ngqo kubabambe iqhaza nakubaqinisekisi. Lokhu akubavuzi nje kuphela ngokuzibophezela kwabo nokubamba iqhaza okubonakalayo kodwa futhi kuqinisekisa ukuphepha nokuzinza kwenethiwekhi.

9.3.2. Imali Engenayo Yezinkonzo Ezikhethekile

I Ice Inethiwekhi inikeza izinsiza ezikhethekile njenge-IceConnect (cf. 4 ), IceVault (cf. 7 ), ngayinye ihlinzeka ngezidingo ezithile zomsebenzisi:

  • I-IceConnect : Inkundla ekhuthaza ukuxhumana nokwabelana ngokuqukethwe. Ingenisa imali ngezindlela ezihlukahlukene njengokubhaliselwe, ubulungu, noma ukukhangisa okugxile ekuyimfihlo.
  • I-IceVault : Isixazululo sokulondoloza esihlukaniselwe indawo, esiqinisekisa ukuthi abasebenzisi banesitoreji esivikelekile nesifinyelelekayo, kuyilapho kukhiqizwa imali engenayo yenethiwekhi.
  • I-IceQuery : Isevisi yesizindalwazi ehlukaniselwe indawo, ebalulekile yobuqotho bedatha nokufinyeleleka, kanye nomthombo wemali engenayo obalulekile wenethiwekhi.

Imali engenayo eqoqwe kulawa masevisi akhethekile isatshalaliswa phakathi kwabasebenzisi abasebenzayo abane-IceID eqinisekisiwe, ngemva kokudlula ngempumelelo inqubo ye-KYC. Lokhu kuqinisekisa ukuthi abasebenzisi bangempela kuphela, abaqinisekisiwe bayazuza ekukhuleni kwenethiwekhi nempumelelo.

9.3.3. I-Reward Distribution Mechanism

Imiklomelo isatshalaliswa masonto onke, kuqinisekiswa imbuyiselo evamile nengashintshi kubahlanganyeli abakhuthele. Ukusatshalaliswa kuncike emsebenzini womsebenzisi, ohlanganisa inhlobonhlobo yezenzo ezinjengokuthumela, ukuthanda, ukubeka amazwana, ukwabelana, ukusakaza, ukubuka, kanye nokuthenga nge-wallet. Le nqubo ayivuzi kuphela abasebenzisi ngokuzibandakanya kwabo kodwa futhi ikhuthaza i-ecosystem ephilayo nesebenzayo.

9.3.4. Ukusimama kanye Nokukhula

Kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuthi ingxenye yemali engenayo iphinde itshalwe kwingqalasizinda yenethiwekhi, ucwaningo nentuthuko, kanye nemizamo yokumaketha. Lokhu kuqinisekisa Ice inethiwekhi ihlala ithuthuke kakhulu kwezobuchwepheshe, inokuncintisana, futhi iyaqhubeka nokukhula esisekelweni sabasebenzisi nasekusebenziseni.

9.3.5. Ukungafihli nokucwaningwa kwamabhuku

Ukukhuthaza ukwethenjwa nokuqinisekisa ubuqotho bokusatshalaliswa kwemali engenayo, i Ice inethiwekhi izohlolwa ngezikhathi ezithile. Imibiko enemininingwane yezimali izokwenziwa itholakale emphakathini, iqinisekise ukuba sobala okuphelele nokuziphendulela.

9.4. Indlela Yokwenza Imali Ephakathi Kwabasebenzisi

Esimeni esiguqukayo njalo sezinkundla ezihlukaniselwe amazwe, i-IceConnect (cf. 4 ) igqama ngendlela yayo emisha yokwenza imali. Ngokubeka abasebenzisi enhliziyweni yemodeli yayo yemali engenayo, i-IceConnect iqinisekisa ukuthi wonke umhlanganyeli, noma ngabe umdali wokuqukethwe (cf. 7.5.9 ) noma umthengi, uyaklonyeliswa ngeminikelo yabo nokusebenzisana. Nakhu ukujula okujulile kokuthi i-IceConnect ilungisa kanjani kabusha ipharadigm yokwenza imali:

9.4.1. Izinzuzo Ezisekelwe Ekuhlanganyeleni

  • I-Dynamic Engagement Tracking : Konke ukusebenzelana, kusukela ethandweni kuya ekwabelaneni nasekubekeni amazwana, kulandelelwa ngokucophelela. Lawa mamethrikhi akali nje kuphela ukuduma kokuqukethwe kodwa nomthelela wako kanye nenani phakathi komphakathi.
  • I-Algorithm Eyinkimbinkimbi Yomvuzo : Izinzuzo zibalwa kusetshenziswa i-algorithm ene-nuanced efaka phakathi amamethrikhi ahlukahlukene okuzibandakanya. Lokhu kuqinisekisa ukuthi okuqukethwe okuthinta ngokujulile umphakathi, okubonakala ekwabelaneni nasezingxoxweni ezisebenzayo, kuzuza isabelo sakho esifanele.
  • Ukunika Amandla Abadali Bokuqukethwe : Abadali baklonyeliswa ngokuqondile ngokusekelwe ekubambisweni kwemithombo yabo yokuqukethwe. Le modeli ithuthukisa ukudalwa kokuqukethwe okuyikhwalithi okuhambisana nezintshisakalo zomphakathi.
  • Imiklomelo Yabathengi Abasebenzayo : Ngaphandle kwabadali, abathengi nabo babonwa ngokubamba iqhaza okusebenzayo. Ukuzibandakanya nokuqukethwe, ukuhlunga, ngisho nokuvusa izingxoxo ezizwakalayo kungaholela emiklomelweni ebonakalayo.

9.4.2. Imiklomelo Yokusebenza Kwenodi

  • I-IceConnect Nodes : Abasebenzisi abasekela ingqalasizinda yeplathifomu ngokusebenzisa amanodi (cf. 4.7 ) banxeshezelwa ngokufanelekile, okuqinisekisa ukuthi i-IceConnect ihlala ihlukaniswe futhi isebenza kahle.
  • I-IceVault Nodes : Ibalulekile ekugcineni i-multimedia, opharetha balawa ma-node (cf. 6 ) bathola imivuzo ngokusekelwe kumthamo wesitoreji kanye nemvamisa yokufinyelela kokuqukethwe. (cf. 6.1 )
  • I-IceNet Nodes : Isebenza ngezindima ezimbili njengamanodi e-CDN (cf. 5.2 ) nama-proxy node, athuthukisa ukulethwa kokuqukethwe futhi aqinisekise ukuphequlula okuphephile, okuyimfihlo. Ngokufaka kunqolobane okuqukethwe okudumile futhi sikulethe ngokushesha, kanye nokusiza izinsiza zommeleli, kuthuthukisa kakhulu ulwazi lomsebenzisi. Imiklomelo inqunywa umthamo wokuqukethwe okufakwe kunqolobane okunikezwayo kanye nenani lethrafikhi yommeleli ephethwe.
  • I-IceQuery Node : Lawa ma-node awusizo ekusebenziseni imininingo egciniwe ehlukaniselwe indawo, iqinisekisa ukuthi imibuzo yedatha icutshungulwa kahle futhi ngokuvikelekile. Abaqhubi bamanodi e-IceQuery banxeshezelwa ngokusekelwe enanini lemibuzo ecutshungulwayo kanye nesikhathi esiphelele samanodi abo (cf. 7.3.7 ).

9.4.3. Ukukhuthaza Ukuhlanganyela Kwesikhathi Eside

  • Amabhonasi Obuqotho : I-IceConnect ikwazisa ukuzibophezela kwesikhathi eside. Abasebenzisi abasebenzayo abanikela ngokungaguquki ezikhathini ezinwetshiwe bangalindela amabhonasi engeziwe okwethembeka.
  • I-Tiered Engagement System : Abasebenzisi bangase bahlukaniswe ngokwezigaba ngokusekelwe kumaleveli abo okuzibandakanya. Ukukhuphukela ezigabeni eziphakeme kungavula iziphindaphinda eziholayo, okuphinde kuvuze ababambiqhaza abazinikele.

Ice : Ikusasa Elimisiwe ( ICE ) akuyona nje i-cryptocurrency; kuwuphawu lokuzibophezela kwenethiwekhi emphakathini wayo. Imodeli ye-User-Centric Monetization ye-IceConnect iqinisekisa ukuthi wonke umhlanganyeli, kusukela kubadali bokuqukethwe kuya kubasekeli bengqalasizinda, uyazuza ekukhuleni nasekuchumeni kwenethiwekhi.

9.5. Ukusabalalisa Umvuzo

Imiklomelo kunethiwekhi ye-ION isatshalaliswa kanje:

  • Abadali bokuqukethwe (35%):
    • Abadali bokuqukethwe, umgogodla wanoma iyiphi inkundla yezokuxhumana noma inkundla eqhutshwa okuqukethwe, bathola u-35% obalulekile wemiklomelo (cf. 7.5.9 , 9.4 ).
    • Lesi sabelo sibona igalelo labo endaweni yesikhulumi futhi sikhuthaza ukudalwa kokuqukethwe okuphezulu, okubandakanyayo.
  • Abathengi (25%):
    • Abathengi, abasebenzisi bokugcina benkundla, bathola isabelo esingu-25% semiklomelo.
    • Imiklomelo yabathengi yenziwe ngendlela efanele ngokusekelwe kumsebenzi wethimba labo ngaphakathi kwe Ice I-Mainnet. Ngokukhethekile, uma amalungu ethimba lakho—labo obamemile ngesikhathi seSigaba Sokuqala—ebamba iqhaza elibonakalayo, imiklomelo yakho iyakhula.
    • Ngaphezu kwalokho, uma umsebenzisi umeme abadali bokuqukethwe endawenikazi, bazozuza kakhulu. Ice ibeka iprimiyamu kubadali bokuqukethwe, beqaphela indima yabo ebalulekile ku-ecosystem. Kanjalo, abasebenzisi abaletha abadali bokuqukethwe baklonyeliswa kahle.
    • Sekukonke, lesi sakhiwo sikhuthaza ukubamba iqhaza okusebenzayo, ukudalwa kokuqukethwe, nokusebenzelana okunenjongo ngaphakathi kwe-ION ecosystem.
  • Ice Iqembu (15%):
    • I Ice Ithimba, elibhekele ukuthuthukiswa, ukulungiswa, kanye nombono jikelele weplathifomu ye-ION, ithola u-15% wesamba semiklomelo.
    • Lesi sabelo siqinisekisa ukuthi ithimba linezinsiza ezidingekayo zokuqhubeka nokuthuthukisa inkundla, ukubhekana nezinselele zobuchwepheshe, kanye nokwethula izici ezintsha.
  • I-DCO (8%):
    • I-DCO, noma i-Decentralized Community Operations (cf. 8 ), inikezwe u-8% wemiklomelo.
    • Lesi sikhwama sisetshenziselwa ukusekela amaphrojekthi aqhutshwa umphakathi, imizamo, kanye neziphakamiso ezihlose ukuthuthukisa i-ION ecosystem.
  • I-IceConnect + IceVault nodes (10%):
    • Ama-Node asekela i-IceConnect (cf. 4 ) (inkundla yezokuxhumana ehlukaniselwe abantu ezindaweni) kanye nezinsizakalo ze-IceVault (cf. 6 ) (indawo yokugcinwa kwezindawo) zithola isamba esihlanganisiwe esingu-10% wemiklomelo.
    • Lokhu kukhuthaza ama-node opharetha ukuthi agcine ukutholakala okuphezulu, ukuphepha, namazinga okusebenza.
  • I-IceNet (7%):
    • I-IceNet, (cf. 5 ), ummeleli ohlukaniselwe izwe kanye nenethiwekhi yokulethwa kokuqukethwe, yabelwa u-7% wemiklomelo.
    • Lokhu kuqinisekisa ukulethwa kokuqukethwe okungaphazamiseki, ubumfihlo bomsebenzisi, kanye nokumelana nokuhlolwa.

9.5.1. Isiphetho

Imodeli yokusabalalisa umvuzo we- Ice I-Open Network yakhelwe ngokucophelela ukulinganisa izintshisekelo zabo bonke ababambiqhaza. Ngokunikeza imiklomelo kokubili ithimba lezobuchwepheshe kanye nabasebenzisi bokugcina, i-ION iqinisekisa indlela yokukhula ephelele, ekhuthaza kokubili intuthuko yezobuchwepheshe kanye nokuzibandakanya komphakathi okusebenzayo.

9.6. I-Deflationary Brilliance ye Ice Uhlamvu lwemali

Ezweni elikhulu lezezimali zedijithali, i Ice I-Open Network imise kahle i- Ice uhlamvu lwemali olunemodeli ye-deflationary, luyibeka ngaphandle kwe-cryptocurrencies evamile. Le ndlela yokwenza akulona nje isu lomnotho nje; kuyisinyathelo esinombono esibheke ekuqinisekiseni ukubaluleka kwesikhathi eside, ukuzinza, nokusimama kwe Ice uhlamvu lwemali. Nakhu ukuthi kungani le modeli ye-deflationary ishintsha umdlalo:

9.6.1. Kuchazwe Indlela Yokwehlisa Imali

Kusukela kumiklomelo ebekelwe Abathengi (cf. 9.5 ), okungu-25%:

  • Abathengi banenketho yokweluleka abadali bokuqukethwe babo abayintandokazi ngokuthumela Ice zemali kubo. Lokhu kwenziwa kalula ngokucindezela inkinobho Ice isithonjana eduze kokuqukethwe abakuthandayo.
  • Kuwo wonke umsebenzi onjalo (ithiphu) owenziwe ngabathengi, u-20% yenani elibekiwe liyashiswa.
  • Uma sicabanga ukuthi bonke abathengi badlulisela yonke imiklomelo yabo ekutholeni ithiphu, u-5% omangalisayo wesamba semiklomelo uzoshiswa.

9.6.2. Kungani Le Model iyi-Masterstroke yayo Ice Ikusasa Lemali

  • Ukuhlanganyela Okusebenzayo Komphakathi:
    • Indlela ehlukile yokunikeza izeluleko ikhuthaza ukusebenzisana okunamandla phakathi kwabathengi nabadali. Akukhona nje mayelana nokuthengiselana; imayelana nokwakha umphakathi lapho okuqukethwe kwekhwalithi kubonwa futhi kuklonyeliswe.
  • Ukwethemba nokubikezela:
    • Ezweni lapho ama-cryptocurrencies amaningi ebhekene nokungabaza ngenxa yokuguquguquka, imodeli ye-deflationary inikeza umuzwa wokubikezela. Abasebenzisi bangathemba ukuthi i- Ice inani lohlamvu lwemali ngeke ligugulwe ukwehla kwamandla emali okungahloliwe.
  • Quality Over Quantity:
    • Ngamandla okubonisa ezandleni zabo, abathengi baba ngabalindisango bekhwalithi yokuqukethwe. Lokhu kuqinisekisa ukuthi Ice I-Open Network ihlala iyisizinda sokuqukethwe kwesigaba esiphezulu, ithuthukisa nakakhulu ukukhanga kwayo nesisekelo sabasebenzisi.
  • Supply and Dinga Dynamics:
    • Ngokunciphisa ngokungaguquki inani eliphelele lokunikezwa Ice izinhlamvu zemali, inani elingokwemvelo lohlamvu lwemali ngalunye selikulungele ukwanda. Kuwumgomo olula wezomnotho: lapho ukunikezwa kuncipha ngesidingo esiqinile noma esikhulayo, inani liyakhuphuka.
  • Ukukhuthaza Ukubamba Kwesikhathi Eside:
    • Uhlamvu lwemali lwe-deflationary lukhuthaza ngokwemvelo abasebenzisi nabatshalizimali ukuthi bagcine izimpahla zabo. Ukulindela ukwazisa kwevelu esikhathini esizayo kuba isizathu esicindezelayo sokubamba, kunokuba uthengise.

9.6.3. Isiphetho

I Ice imodeli deflationary uhlamvu lwemali akuyona nje isu kwezomnotho; indlela yokucabanga phambili ngemali yedijithali. Ngokuhlanganisa ukusebenzisana komsebenzisi nenani lohlamvu lwemali, kanye nokuqinisekisa ukunikezwa okunciphayo, i Ice I-Open Network yenze ipulani yempumelelo yesikhathi eside. Kulabo abafuna ukutshala imali ku-cryptocurrency ngombono, ukuzinza, kanye nendlela eqhutshwa umphakathi, i Ice uhlamvu lwemali lugqama njengokukhanya endaweni yemali yedijithali.